Impacts of the Mexican-American War
The Mexican American war was a result of disagreement between land ownership in the west. The United States wanted to purchase the lands from Texas to California and Mexico would not give it up so America declared war. In 1848, the United States and Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, which ended the Mexican-American War, and gave the U.S. new territory but was torn in deciding which states could have slaves or not which led to the conflict resulting in the compromise of 1850.
Compromise of 1850
The compromise of 1850 was to solve the problem of slavery without congress having to decide. The compromise would make northerners and southerners happy. The points of the compromise were that California became a free state; Texas’s boundaries were set to its present limits and the United States paid $10 million in compensation for the loss of New Mexico and Utah were organized on a basis of popular sovereignty; the fugitive slave act was strengthened; and the slave trade abolished in the District of Columbia.
One of the flaws was the ambiguity of popular sovereignty. Southerners insisted there would be no prohibition of slavery and northerners declared that settlers could ban slavery whenever they wished. The second flaw lay in the Fugitive Slave Act, which gave new and controversial protection to slavery.
The Fugitive Slave Act
The fugitive slave act of 1850 strengthened legislation allowing the capture of runaway slaves in the northern states. But the Act resulted in an abundance of violent acts and protests.
The Kansas-Nebraska bill exposed the conflicting interpretations of popular sovereignty. Northerners and southerners, however, still disagreed violently over what territorial settlers could constitutionally do. The bill overruled the...