Outdoor Environmental Studies Notes

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Outdoor & Environmental Studies
Unit 3
Relationships with
Outdoor Environment’s
Outdoor & Environmental Studies
Unit 3
Relationships with
Outdoor Environment’s
Historical Relationships with Outdoor Environments

* Outdoor & Environmental Studies
* Revise Step-Up Week
* Australia before humans
* No Buildings
* Forest Land
* No Global Warming
* No waste from human consumption

* Biological Isolation
* Limited transfer from animals and plants from countries/land mass * Gondwana breaking up

* Geological Stability
* Earthquake
* Plates
* Australia’s geological stability is good
* New Zealand is unstable. Due to they are sitting on an unstable plate.

* Climate Variations
* Weather/Climate
* Effect flora & Fauna
* Australia vs. Africa

* Compare Australia’s climate to Japan
* Australia is very Humid compared to Japan
* Japan’s summer is very hot.
* Japan is very built up. With many buildings in most areas of Japan * Australia is very open

* Indigenous Relationships with the land
* Respect of the land
* Living with the land
* Spiritual connection with the land

* Before European settlement
* Aboriginal land use & it’s impact
* Nomads  followed seasonal foods
* Impact Rest Areas
* Fire Stick Farming – Burning Small areas
* Revitalizes areas

* Changes after European Settlement
* Introduced Species
* Foxes
* Rabbits
* Kane Toads
* Urbanization
* Culture of Aboriginals thinned
* Different Cultures
* Technology
* Climate Control
* Pollution

* Aboriginal Culture
* The Dreaming Aboriginal version of the bible
* Wall Painting – Documents  Connection to the dreaming

* Changes over time
* 1992 – Mabo  Aboriginals were recognized as traditional land owners * Aboriginal people as consultants & experts
* Greater acceptance into society

* Relationships with Australian Outdoor Environments
* Non – Indigenous settlers
* Hard to live
* Climate/Environment
* Not England
* Introduced English Culture
* Animals
* Plants etc.
* First few years
* Sickness
* Struggled to grow food

* Acquired Land – Aboriginals
* Resource
* Very Unfair  Took Advantage

* European Land Use
* Farming – Cattle  Sheep & Cows
* Introduced
* Heavy – Destroys undergrowth
* Space – Remove trees, Natural Plants
* Grass

* Introduced Plant Species
* Paterson’s Curse
* Blackberry
* 2000 Introduced Plant Species

* Introduced Animal Species
* Rabbits – Introduced as Sport
* Within a couple of years they became a major problem
* Other predator were introduced
* Cats, ferrets, etc.
* Effects Rabbits  Australian Wildlife

* Increasing Population
* More Convicts
* Bring more infrastructure
* Gold Rush
* Second Half of the 19th Century the Big Australian Gold Rush began * Multiculturalism
* 3.3% of Population was Chinese
* 370,000 immigrants in 1852
* Rich
* 1851 First grain of gold found
* 1850’s Victoria produced  then a third of worlds gold * Environment effected
* Mine Shafts
* Land Cleared
* Cut Down Trees Supports
* Infrastructure
* Railways
* Houses
* Pubs
* Industrialisation
* Left the environment
* Using resources without any regard for sustainability
* Cleared Land
* Built Factories
* Local Animals Extinct

* Timeline of Perceptions
* Aboriginals Before European Settlement

Aboriginals After European Settlement 
First Settlers

Gold Rush ( Population)...
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