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September 10, 2012

Organizational Science Notes 1

* Organizations (My definition): A group of people who work together to satisfy a common goal

* Organizations (Class definition before lecture): Intangible, Structural, Group/People/Social, clause, Purpose/Goal Dependence, guide, outcome, environment group success, change over time, roles cooperate, culture, processes, stakeholders

* Structure->goals->outcome that happens in a certain environment * Organizational Characteristics
* Communications
* Goals
* Organizational Theories
* Organizational Evolution
* Change over time
* Evolve
* How it got started
* What was successful
* What was not successful
* Where the company will go in the future
* Example: Borders
* How far back would you have to look to see where borders started failing * Research says that 10 or 12 years from the event, is when companies that failed started failing * Borders started failing when amazon started getting big, ex. Ebooks, borders also started using amazon for their books meaning they had no stock. You can buy a $20 book from borders, $2 goes to borders $18 to amazon. You can buy the same book from amazon for $18 only makes sense to buy from amazon * Organizational Orientation

* Subjectivists: things only exist as we experience them * Very interpretive
* This thing is only a chair because we call it a chair, if someone came from a society without chairs they wouldn’t know what it is * It is an organization because we experience it to be an organization * Objectivist: they view things as an object

* Something exists independently of those who experience it * Four legged structure people can sit on with black leather covering is a chair and it exist independently and it will always be a chair * Organization is a quantifiable thing,

* They think that you can define an organization, it is measurable * Political science, poly sci majors study political parties which are organizations * If understanding organizations have to know who is asking about it what kind of organization is it * Understand the perspective of organizations

* Only way to understand organizations is to see the perspective it came from, there is no one right definition of an organization, you have to see how the people think of the organization to understand the organization * What do we need to know to understand the organization? * Why organize?

1) Economies
a. Technology/products
b. Specialization that can happen
c. Combination of resources that can occur
2) Influence and control
* What study Organizations?
1) Time
a. Spend lots of time in organizations
2) Improvement and replications
3) Interesting things that only happen in organizations
b. Culture is an organizational phenomena
4) Organizations are actors
* Do organizations affect their environments or does the environment affect the organization? * There is a combination organizations can affect environments which can affect the organization * Orgs->Environment

* Lobbyist are organizations that affect environment * Bar exams
* Environment->Orgs
* Organizations (Hall definition): social collective entity with a recognized boundary, coordinating systems in an existing and embedding environments and engaging in purposeful collective goal directing activities. * Social collective entity: 3 or more people

* Recognized boundary: who is in and who is out
* Coordinating systems: anything that allows the organization to run itself, maintenance systems * Existing and embedding environments: who or what is influencing the organization * Engaging in purposeful goal directing activities

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