ABDULGANIY OKANLA AHMED
FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, MINNA
The major activities of any given library revolved on acquisition, processing, preservation and organization of relevant information resources (book and non-book materials) for effective accessibility to the target users. Nwalo (2003) describes that a library is primarily set up to acquire, organize, store and make accessible to the users, within the quickest possible time all forms of information materials which they require. He further notes that the systematic acquisition, organization and dissemination of books, not mere label distinguishes a library from either a recording room or a storehouse of books.
In librarianship, several efforts have been made to facilitate effective retrieval of information. These efforts or devices centred on what is known as “Organization of Knowledge”. The word organization in this context, refers to a systematic description and arrangement of available information resources in a given centre or library for easy accessibility. The adoption of organizing library materials also stemmed from the fact that its non application can result to poor patronage and wastage of devoted efforts (human, finance and material).
Abstracting, cataloguing, classification and indexing are useful instruments for a successful organization of library/information materials. However, cataloguing which is a detailed bibliographic description of library collection is the major focus. It is obvious that a library patron according to Kumar and Kumar (1991) is expected to use the collection of a library either for study or research or reference and at any one time, the user may be handicapped in locating all the needed materials or documents on the shelf. In order to know about the complete collection, reliance has to be placed on a dependable tool called the catalogue in a library. A library catalogue is an indispensable instrument, which promotes the use of library materials. CATALOGUING
a.Cataloguing is the art of describing materials according to the most important details that will guide or inform the reader or user as to how to locate the materials on the shelves and to know about materials bibliographically. b.Cataloguing is the description of a book or any other medium of information such that the important bibliographic information are highlighted. These features include author (producer, translator, etc), title, edition, place of publication, publisher and date of publication, etc. It also indicates the subject of the work and its physical features like pagination, illustrations and dimension, (Afolabi, 1986). c. American Library Association (1992) defines cataloguing as the activities which are essential in the preparation of bibliographic records for a catalogue. d.Cataloguing is the process of producing relevant entries on a given book or material in a library for easy identification. The production of the entries will require the use of the various particulars of a given material like author, title, imprint, etc. WHAT IS A CATALOGUE?
Literarily, a catalogue is a list of items, materials or publications in a given establishment, institution or organization. Technically, a catalogue is a list of publications or information materials in library or group of libraries arranged according to some definite plan. It can also be referred to as an index, inventory or key to the library collections, and which enables a user to locate a book whose author, title or subject is know with a minimum time. The library catalogue is a finding tool for its users. It’s a directory of the holding of a particular library and so facilitates retrieval of information from the materials held by the library (Afolabi, 1986).
In summary, a catalogue is an instrument designed to enable the library user to locate a particular book whose particulars are known to him, within a...