Organisational Behviour

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Organisational Behaviour

Definition
Organisational Behaviour is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behaviour within organisation for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organisation’s effectiveness.

Organisational Behaviour is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behaviour within organisation for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organisation’s effectiveness.

OB is a field of study Means a distinct area of expertise with a common body of knowledge What does it study? It studies three determinants of behaviour in organisation Individuals, Groups, Structure Applying such knowledge OB applies knowledge about individuals, groups and the effect of structure on behaviour in order to make organisation work more effectively.

Therefore – OB is concerned with the study of what people do in an organisation and how the behaviour affects the performance of the organisation.

It is concerned with employment related situations, and emphasises behaviour as related to concerns such as jobs, work, absenteeism, employment turnover (attrition), productivity, performance and management.

CONTRIBUTING DISCIPLINES TO THE FIELD OF OB Psychology – The science that seeks to measure, explain, and sometimes change the behaviour of human and other animals. Sociology – The study of people in relation to their fellow human beings. Social psychology – An area with psychology that blends concepts from psychology and sociology and that focuses on the influence of people on one another. Anthropology – The study of societies to learn about human beings and their activities. Political science – the study of the behaviour of individual and groups within a political environment.

CONTRIBUTING DISCIPLINES TO THE FIELD OF OB Behavioural Science Contribution Unit of Output Learning Job satisfaction analysis Motivation Personality Emotions Perception Training Leadership Decision making Performance appraisal Attitude Selection Work design Stress Power Conflict Intergroup behaviour Organisational change Organisational culture

Psychology

Individual

Group dynamics Work teams Communication

Sociology

Formal organisational theory Organisational technology Behavioural change Attitude change Communication

Group

Study of OB

Social psychology

Group processes Group decision making

Anthropology

Comparative values & attitudes Cross culture analysis Organisational culture &environment Conflict Intraorganisational politics Power

Organisation system

Political science

CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR OB

1. Responding to Globalisation 2. Managing Workforce Diversity 3. Improving Quality and Productivity 4. Responding to Labour Shortage 5. Improving Customer Service 6. Improving People Skill 7. Empowering People 8. Coping with Temporariness 9. Stimulating Innovation and Change 10.Helping Employees Balance Work/Life Conflicts 11.Improving Ethical Behaviour

What is Organisational Behaviour ?
Every individual has 24 hours a day. The worldwide research has shown that an average person spends about 6 to 8 hours a day in sleep more than 8 hours are spent in working and traveling. One gets left with only 8 hours for personal and private life with family and friends. It means we spend 33% of life in sleeping, 50% in working and are left with only 17% for personal pleasures.

Therefore subject of Organisational Behaviour deals with that part of life which we spend in working which is also called “On the job” life. Our off the job life is interrelated and interdependent on on the job life and vice versa.

Models of organisational behaviour
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Autocratic Model The custodial model The supportive model The collegial model The SOBC (Stimulus, organism, behaviour, consequences) model

The Autocratic Model
The model is based on the assumption...
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