Organisation behaviour is the study and application of knowledge about how people -as individuals and as groups- act within organisations. Organisational behaviour comes from two words: - * Organisation and
Organisation is a place where two or more people work together in a structured way to achieve a specific goal or set of goals. Behaviour is response of an individual to stimulation. So organisational behaviour is the behaviour of an individual in an organisation to achieve some objective.
Organisational behaviour is the study of what people think, feel and do in and around organisations. Organisational behaviour researchers systematically study individuals, teams and structural characteristics that influence behaviour of individuals within organisations.
IMPORTANCE OF ORGANISATION BEHAVIOUR
Organizational behavior is the study of attitudes and behavior of individuals and groups in organizations. Organizational behavior tries to examine different types of workers in all types of different situations. Organizational behavior aims to help managers and supervisors in many ways. It plays a role in all facets of an organization. Finance, marketing, and production are just departments within an organization. It studies the human behavior within the organization and the relationship between human behavior and the organization. There are many reasons for the importance of organizational behavior in an organization. First, most people are born and educated in organizations, acquire most of the material possessions from organizations, and die as members of organizations. In addition, we can be consumers, employees, or investors in an organization. Second, the study of organizational behavior can greatly clarify the factors that affect how managers manage. Third, the value of organizational behavior is that it isolates important aspects of the manager’s job and offers specific perspectives on the human side of management. Finally, an understanding of organizational behavior can play a vital role in managerial work. Many future managers aren’t aware of the importance of organizational behavior and don’t understand what relevance it has to them as managers in the business environment. Organizational behavior studies these attitudes and behaviors of workers today and tries to determine the best ways to effectively manage and change them. Organizational behavior also studies how organizations can be more effective and how events in the external environments affect organizations. Learning about organizational behavior in today's business environment will help managers develop a better work related understanding of themselves and their subordinates. This understanding can help future managers obtain a successful career in the business world.
CONTRIBUTING DISCIPLINES TO ORGANISATION BEHAVIOUR
Organizational behaviour is an applied behavioural science that is built upon contributions from a number of behavioural disciplines. The predominant areas are psychology, sociology, social psychology, anthropology, and political science. Psychology:
- Psychology is the science that seeks to measure, explain, and sometimes change the behaviour of humans and other animals. - To use psychological and organizational theory and research to improve organizational effectiveness and the work life of all individuals. - Psychologists concern themselves with studying and attempting to understand individual behaviour - Learning, perception, personality, emotions, training, leadership effectiveness, needs and motivational forces, job satisfaction, decision-making process, performance appraisals, attitude measurement, employee selection techniques, work design and job stress.
- Sociologists study the social system in which individuals fill their roles - Sociology studies people in relation to their fellow human beings to improve organizational performance. -...