Read full document

Org Chem

Page 1 of 2
1. Differentiate organic and inorganic compounds.

An organic compound is any member of a large class of gaseous, liquid, or solid chemical compoundswhose molecules contain carbon. For historical reasons discussed below, a few types of carbon-containing compounds such as carbides, carbonates, simple oxides of carbon (such as CO and CO2), and cyanides, as well as the allotropes of carbon such as diamond and graphite, are consideredinorganic.  The study of organic compounds is termed organic chemistry, and since it is a vast collection of chemicals (over half of all known chemical compounds), systems have been devised to classify organic compounds.

Inorganic compounds are those that lack carbon and hydrogen atoms. Inorganic compounds are traditionally viewed as being synthesized by the agency of geological systems. In contrast, organic compounds are found in biological systems. Organic chemists traditionally refer to any molecule containing carbon as an organic compound and by default this means that inorganic chemistry deals with molecules lacking carbon. An inorganic compound is a chemical compound that is not an organic compound. Inorganic compounds come principally from mineral sources of non-biological origin. The modern definition of inorganic compounds often includes all metal-containing compounds, even those found in living systems. Although most carbon compounds are classed as organic, cyanide salts, carbon oxides and carbonates are usually considered to be inorganic.

Organic Compounds| Inorganic Compounds|
*Organic Compounds are composed of few elements only.C, H,O,N,S,P and halogens are the most common.| * Inorganic Compounds are composed of all the known elements.| *They are generally found in living matter, i.e., animals and plants.| *They are generally obtained from non-living matter, i.e., minerals.| *They are usually gases, liquids or solids having low melting points.| *They are usually solids having high melting and boiling...