Occupational Health & Safety

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Occupational Safety & Health:
Course Outline and Lecture Notes

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Prepared by: COLLIN TURNER, LECTURER

Table of Contents
COURSE OUTLINE19
COURSE DESCRIPTION AND OVERVIEW19
COURSE ACTIVITIES20
BIBLIOGRAPHY25
Learning Resources25
Required Texts25
Recommended Texts25
END OF MODULE EXAM PROCEDURE26
SUPPLEMENTAL EXAM PROCEDURE26
FEES CANNOT BE PAID ON THE MORNING OF THE EXAM!26
LECTURE 1: EMPLOYEE HEALTH AND SAFETY - ITS IMPORTANCE27
General Objectives:27
Course Overview27
TOPIC: Importance of Occupational Health and Safety27
Learning Objectives:27
Overview of Health and Safety28
What is Safety?28
What is Health?28
What then is Occupational Health and Safety (OSH)?28
Features of Occupational Health and Safety28
Brief History: Safety and Health Movement, Then and Now (David Goetsch)29
Developments before the Industrial Revolution29
Milestones in the Safety Movement29
Role of Organized Labor29
Role of Specific Health Problems29
Changes of the Safety Movement29
Development of Accident Prevention Techniques30
Development of Safety Organizations30
Effective Safety Management30
Corporate Safety Objective31
How can this be achieved?31
Health & Safety: Joint Responsibility of Management and Workers31
Examples of responsibilities of workers include (ILO, 2008):32
Objectives of OSH32
Health and Safety Programs32
Definition:32
What is a Policy Statement?33
Factors Impacting on Safety and Health at the Workplace33
Benefits of a Safe & Healthy Work Environment34
Costs of Occupational Injury/Diseases34
Direct Costs - Worker34
Indirect Costs – Worker34
Direct Costs – Employer35
Indirect Costs – Employer35
Management by Objectives Programs35
Characteristics of an Unsafe and Unhealthy Work Environment36
Consequences of an Unsafe/Unhealthful Work Environment36
Main Functions of the Safety Department36
Having safety means that employees:36
LECTURE 2: WORKPLACE HEALTH & SAFETY AND THE LAW (JAMAICAN PERSPECTIVE)38
Learning Objectives:38
INTRODUCTION TO OSHA38
What is OSHA?38
Has OSHA made a difference?38
What does OSHA do?39
OSHA Standards39
WHAT DOES OSHA REQUIRE?39
Record-keeping and Reporting39
What are workers’ rights and responsibilities?39
What are employers’ rights and responsibilities?39
Workplace Inspections39
Sources of Assistance40
WORKPLACE HEALTH AND SAFETY AND THE LAW (IN JAMAICA)40
Jamaica’s Occupational Safety And Health Act (JOSHA BILL)40
Main Features of the JOSHA Bill40
HISTORICAL DATA - JAMAICA40
Historical Data – OSH in Jamaica41
THE FACTORIES ACT41
(Section 2 of the Act - Pt. I) - General41
(Sections 3 & 4- Pt. I) - Chief Factory Inspector42
(Sections 12 - 24) - Addressing Health and Safety42
WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION ACT43
REDUNDANCY PAYMENTS ACT43
The Employment (Termination and Redundancy Payments) Act, 197443
The Definition of Redundancy43
Eligibility for Redundancy Payments43
Notice43
What is the notice intended for?44
Implications for health and safety?44
THE LABOUR RELATIONS CODE -197644
Establishment:44
Purpose:44
Application:44
Responsibilities:44
Employment Policies:44
Manpower use & Planning:45
Security of workers:45
Working Environment:45
LECTURE 3: Occupational Accidents46
Learning Objectives:46
OCCUPATIONAL ACCIDENTS46
Comparing Accident Rates46
CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS48
Three Basic Causes of Workplace Accidents48
TYPES OF JOB HAZARDS49
AIR CONTAMINANTS49
CHEMICAL HAZARDS50
BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS50
How does exposure occur?50
PHYSICAL HAZARDS50
ERGONOMIC HAZARDS50
HAZARDOUS ENERGY:51
Types of Energy Sources:51
Electrical Energy51
Hazards of Electrical Energy51
Work Schedules that affect Workload and Pace:51
MAJOR WORK-RELATED ACCIDENT FACTORS52...
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