Notes on the European Union

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  • Topic: European Union, European Coal and Steel Community, Intergovernmentalism
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  • Published : March 21, 2013
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1)
 Key
 theoretical
 approaches
 to
 the
  European
 Integration
 
 
Background
 –
 Intellectual
 context
 
 
-­‐ to
 understand
 the
 theories
 of
 European
 integration,
 it
 is
 important
 to
  consider
 the
 intellectual
 context
 from
 which
 the
 idea
 of
 European
  integration
 emerged
 
 

Federalism
 –
 Altiero
 Spinelli
 
-­‐ -­‐

-­‐

-­‐

-­‐

Spinelli:
 leader
 of
 the
 European
 Union
 of
 Federalists:
 
  Idea:
 after
 the
 Second
 World
 War,
 the
 classes
 most
 privileged
 under
 old
  national
 system
 will
 seek
 a
 new
 order
 of
 nation
 states,
 that
 might
 appear
  democratic,
 but
 the
 power
 will
 return
 to
 the
 privileged
 classes
 eventually
 à
  renewing
 war
 between
 states
 
  Proposal:
 to
 prevent
 this
 development,
 create
 a
 federal
 European
 state
 to
  subordinate
 national
 governments
 to
 a
 federal
 authority
 
  à
 strategy
 of
 the
 Federalists,
 aimed
 to
 create
 a
 federal
 constitution
 for
  Europe
  Development:
 Congress
 took
 time
 to
 organize,
 taken
 place
 in
 Hague
 in
 1948.
  By
 that
 time,
 national
 political
 systems
 were
 already
 re-­‐established
 à
  Congress
 turned
 into
 the
 Council
 of
 Europe,
 not
 a
 new
 federal
 constitutional
  order
 
  Problem:
 diversity
 of
 Europe,
 different
 connotations
 in
 different
 part
 of
  Europe
 
  Mitrany:
 born
 in
 Romania,
 lived
 in
 UK
 and
 US,
 to
 build
 a
 “working
 peace
  system”,
 influencing
 integration
 theorists
 
  Against
 federalism
 b/c:
  o Single
 world
 government
 =
 threat
 to
 individual
 freedom
  o Regional
 federations
 =
 reproducing
 national
 rivalries
 on
 a
 larger
 scale
 
  Idea:
 root
 of
 the
 war
 =
 nationalism
 
  Proposal:
 create
 a
 separate
 international
 functional
 agencies,
 each
 with
  authority
 over
 specific
 area
 of
 human
 life
  o Scheme:
 individual
 tasks
 taken
 out
 of
 the
 control
 of
 the
 government,
  handing
 them
 to
 the
 functional
 agencies
 
  o Argument:
 Governments
 will
 surrender
 control
 because
 they
 will
 not
  fear
 the
 loss
 of
 sovereignty
 over
 e.g.
 health
 care,
 but
 rather
 appreciate
  the
 advantages
 of
 such
 tasks
 performed
 at
 the
 regional/world
 level
 
  o à
 the
 more
 areas
 of
 control
 surrounded,
 
 the
 less
 states
 are
 capable
 of
  independent
 action
 à
 the
 harder
 it
 is
 to
 break
 from
 the
 agencies
 
  Jean
 Monnet:
 planner
 of
 a
 Schuman
 Plan
  Combining
 ideas
 of
 functionalism
 and
 federalism,
 crucial
 for
 the
  neofunctionalist
 theory
 of
 European
 integration
 
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