Topics:European Union, European Coal and Steel Community, IntergovernmentalismPages: 549 (17616 words)Published: March 21, 2013
...The Economic Crisis of the EuropeanUnion
Abstract: Since 2009 Europe has been experiencing some major economic issues and European government banks were bailed out in order to not have to leave the Euro. Very little progress has occurred since the onset of the crisis until recently and still many countries are suffering from detrimental debt and very low quality of life. Discovering the foreground for this economic crisis is imperative to be able to calculate a solution and unfortunately, this has still yet to be done. The economy of Europe can’t be revived with the existing policies and institutional makeup in place.
The problem within the EuropeanUnion falls within its institutional architecture and policies. The social, political, and economic integration goals of the EU have not been successful due to lags in the institutions leading to weak policies. This has lead to member states living as individual entities, creating unnecessary competition within the EU and causing large gaps between successful and unsuccessful countries. Through various viable online databases and current event newspapers and journals, it clear that the EU needs an extensive makeover. These sources lend insight to the ideology that the policies in place are not effective and are a direct effect of asymmetric institutions. This paper will prove that in order to step out of this financial crisis and prevent events from...
...The EuropeanUnion, which was previously known as the European Community is an institutional framework that began in 1951 between six countries with the intention of constructing a unified Europe. The EuropeanUnion was created after World War II to economically and politically unite Europe so that another war among the European nations would not occur. The enlargement of the EuropeanUnion is a historic opportunity to foster peace after generations of division and conflict. After fifty plus years and four waves of accessions there are now fifteen member countries. As a result, three hundred and seventy million people share common institutions and policies that have brought an unprecedented era of stability and prosperity to Western Europe.
The objective of the EuropeanUnion is to promote economic and social progress; assert the European identity internationally; introduce European citizenship; develop an area of freedom, security and justice; and with continual emphasis on community that will add to the Union's strength, cohesion and influence in the world.
There are five institutions involved that manage the EuropeanUnion: the European Parliament, elected by the people of the member states; the Council representing the governments of the member states; the...
...Text-Book Chapter 1 notes:
EU integration process initiated in 1950s; consequence of founding member states during aftermath of WWII.
- > Member-states want peace economic stability+ security
CRITICISMS= failed to deliver economic growth+ global competition
- highly institutionalized=qualified majority voting consensus, overseen by a bureaucracy, elected co-legislative, judicial system
-EU also about welfare-related issues; welfare state European construct
DEF.->EU family of liberal-democratic countries, acting collectively through an institutionalized system of decision-making.
> Joining members agree to EU treaties, legislation, norms, shared values(democracy/human rights etc.)
> 28 member states, + 500 million people
> Hybrid international organization+ state
- EU institutions=
> The commission, Parliament, Council, Courts, European Council(defines general political direction+priorities/own president), European Central Bank
Criteria to join the EU=
> Working market economies
>Take on EU treaties, legislation, norms
^---Decided in 1993 in Copenhagen, European Council “Copenhagen Criteria”
Joiners see EU has anchor supporting
Political+ economic transitions; gateway to belong to Europe
-EU has own budget, “ EU budget”, cannot tax citizens directly. Receives money from customs duties, contributions at border, national contributions(1% gross national...
...Germany Must Take The Wheel In The EuropeanUnion
TIMOTHY GARTON ASH
Special to The Globe and Mail
Published Friday, Jun. 17 2011, 5:00 AM EDT
Last updated Friday, Aug. 24 2012, 3:54 PM EDT
Like an overladen lorry labouring up a steep hill, the European project is close to stalling. If it stalls, even the emergency brake may not stop it running back down the hill, out of control, until it jackknifes. Two of the lads are wrestling over the steering wheel; others lie comatose in the sleeping area at the back of the cabin. We need a woman to come and sort them out. Her name is Angela.
The most urgent part of this crisis is Greece and the Eurozone. Between the fury on the streets of Athens and the continued disunity of decision-makers in Brussels, Berlin, Frankfurt and Luxembourg (where the Euro Group huddles again Sunday and Monday), the lorry could stall any day. But it's not just Greece. In Ireland, Portugal and Spain, too, anger is boiling over, as people feel that the young, the poor and the unemployed are being forced to pay for the selfish improvidence of their politicians and of French and German bankers, who lent profusely where they should not have lent at all.
And it's not just the Eurozone. Every single major project of the EuropeanUnion is faltering. France and Italy are suggesting that the achievement of the Schengen Zone, with no border controls, should be chipped away just...
...BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS
Department of Marketing
Marketing 445 – Spring 2013 Due: Feb 20, 2013
Instructor: Dr. Irene Lange
I. General Information
1. What are the goals of the EuropeanUnion (EU) and what is its total membership? Briefly discuss one of the financial issues under discussion.
* The primary function of the EuropeanUnion was to unify nations which were crippled from World War II. The E.U. also aims to bring together countries who are financially interdependent on each other.
* The EuropeanUnion is currently made up of 27 member nations.
* Aim to reduce roughly 80 percent of carbon emissions by 2050.
* A recent financial issue of major concern was the disbursement of close to €39.5 billion to aid the Spanish government, which needed to maintain the long term security of its investment banking sector, and the crash of the real estate market.
* A Peaceful Europe-The Beginnings of Cooperation. (n.d.). Europa. Retrieved February 6, 2013, from europa.eu/about-eu/eu-history/1945-1959/index_en.htm
* Member Countries of theEuropean Union. (n.d.). Europa.eu. Retrieved February 6, 2013, from http://europa.eu/about-eu/countries/member-countries/index_en.htm
* Europeanunion: EU can meet energy goals, report says. (2010, Apr 14). Asia News Monitor....
...The EuropeanUnion (EU) is a family of democratic European countries, committed to working together for peace and prosperity. It is not a state intended to replace existing states, but it is more than any other international organization. The EU is, in fact, unique. Its member states have set up common institutions to which they delegate some of their sovereignty so that decisions on specific matters of joint interest can be made democratically at European level. This pooling of sovereignty is also called “European integration”.
The historical roots of the EuropeanUnion lie in the World War II. The idea of European integration was conceived to prevent such killing and destruction from ever happening again. It was first proposed by the French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman in a speech on May, 9, 1950. This date, the “birthday” of what is now the EU, is celebrated annually as Europe Day.
There are five EU institutions, each playing a specific role:
European Parliament (elected by the people of the member states); Council of the EuropeanUnion (representing the governments of the member states); European Commission (Driving force and executive body); Court of Justice (ensuring compliance with the law); Court of Auditors (controlling sound and lawful management of the EU budget).
These are flanked by five...
Definition of 'EuropeanUnion - EU'
A group of European countries that participates in the world economy as one economic unit and operates under one official currency, the euro. The EU's goal is to create a barrier-free trade zone and to enhance economic wealth by creating more efficiency within its marketplace.
Read more: http://www.investopedia.com/terms/e/europeanunion.asp#ixzz2KxZDOcXv
Map of area
(a) Physical barriers
All border controls within the EU on goods have been abolished, together with
customs controls on people, but the police still carry out random spot checks as
part of the fight against crime and drugs.
any product legally manufactured and sold in one member state must be allowed to be placed on the market in all others. Where services are concerned, EU countries mutually recognise or coordinate their national rules allowing people to practise professions such as law, medicine, tourism, banking or insurance.
(c) Tax barriers
Tax barriers have been reduced by partially aligning national VAT rates, which must
be agreed by the EU member states
(d) Public contracts
Regardless of who awards them, public contracts in any EU country are now open to bidders from anywhere in the EU.
Ten ways in which Europeans have benefited from the Single Market
1. Increased prosperity: over the last 15 years the Single Market has increased the EU's...
...After reading John Pinder’s book, “The EuropeanUnion, A Very Short Introduction,” it provides a brief and concise summary of the history of the EuropeanUnion. It covers events dealing with politics, the environment, agriculture, policies and the Euro, dating from its beginnings in 1940’s until 2000, when the book was published. Although Pinder appears to be pro EU, he does an exceptional job of overviewing the institutions and policies of the EuropeanUnion that helps his audience of average citizens comprehend the changes over the past few decades. This book was a very simplified and basic, but also exceptionally dense. The only downside is he that the book doesn’t cover the last decade of the EuropeanUnion. It is written mostly in chronological order, covering the most significant events that have occurred in Europe under the guidance of the EuropeanUnion since 1946. Though it contains many acronyms which make the reading a little difficult to comprehend, it contains information on the abbreviations page to assist.
The author does a great job at exploring the ups and downs of the EuropeanUnion and also explaining the obstacles they face in the future. Pinder answers the question, “The EuropeanUnion has come a long way in the half-century since the process of its...