-Think: Scary Movie, SNL, National Lampoon’s Christmas Vacation, Weird Al Yanknovic, Supersize Me, Saved, Mean Girls - In satire, human or individual vices, abuses, or shortcomings are held up to censure by means of ridicule, derision, irony, etc., with the intent to bring about changes/improvements. -Although satire is usually meant to be funny, the purpose of satire is not primarily Humor; instead, it is an attack on something of which the author disapproved, using the weapon of wit. - Often, the author uses irony, sarcasm, exaggeration, analogy, comparison, or double meaning to prove a point. - Satire is found in music, plays, movies, literature, and political cartoons -In Jonathon Swift’s “A Modest Proposal”, Swift suggests that poor Irish parents would sell their own children as food to attack the indifference of society and government towards poor people. - Mark Twain was a great American Satirist; his novel “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn” uses the main character Huck, a good hearted person, to “mock” to so-called good morals of society. Themes
-Fundamental, universal ideas explored in literature.
I. Racism & Slavery
A. Novel written two decades after Emancipation Proclamation and Civil War
1. South esp. still struggling with racism and after-effects of Slavery
2. Reconstruction plans hit a snag in 1880’s
a. Race relations were strained
b. Jim Crow laws limited Black rights in the South
B. Novel set before Civil War: Slavery still intact
C. Twain exposes the hypocrisy of slavery and demonstrates how racism hurts the oppressors as much as the oppressed
1. The result? A world of moral confusion.
2. Good people, like Miss. Watson and Sally Phelps, expressed no concern about the injustice of slavery. II. Intellectual and Moral Education
A. Huck is poor and uneducated.
B. He mistrusts the morals and rules of society that treats him as an outcast and fails to protect him from abuse.