Notes on Monarchy

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 | Renaissance| Reformation| Exploration| Absolute Monarchs| Renaissance| - Emphasis, causes, effects, specifics (Art: painting, sculpture, architecture, literature) Patrons| Gutenberg's printing press = Renaissance ideas spread... Religion = Art Pope wanted to make a new dome for sistine chapel. Michelangelo was asked to paint it. the pope needed $ to build so he sold indulgences. Luther was against this... Church art frequently featured holy figures, Protestants (iconoclasts) didn't like this... Church leaders were frequently patrons of artists| Renaissance ideas = shipbuilding, techniques, astrolabe, compass...Humanism = human accomplishments of exploration... Printing press helped circulate news of Columbus's travel| Legitimacy supported by Machiavelli's ideas... Elizabeth patroned Shakespeare| Reformation| Gutenberg's printing press = Renaissance ideas spread... Religion = Art Pope wanted to make a new dome for sistine chapel. Michelangelo was asked to paint it. the pope needed $ to build so he sold indulgences. Luther was against this... Church art frequently featured holy figures, Protestants (iconoclasts) didn't like this... Church leaders were frequently patrons of artists| - Emphasis, causes, effects, specifics (Religion)| - Bartholomew Dias spread Christianity... Puritan pilgrims... Spain used gold & silver from New World to fund Spanish Armada in order to spread Catholicism by conquest. The desire to grow rich and spread chritianity, coupled with advances in sailing technology, spurred an age of European exploration.| Charles V & Luther = Edict of Worms... Henry VIII defended 7 sacraments against Luther... Phillip II sent Spanish Armada to invade England's Protestanism... Edict of Nantes granted religious tolerance (Henry IV)... Mary burned hundreds of protestants at the stake| Exploration| Renaissance ideas = shipbuilding, techniques, astrolabe, compass... Humanism = human accomplishments of exploration... Printing press helped...
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