Notes on 5 Different Short Story

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Notes on Short Story

THE GIFT OF THE MAGI
By O. Henry

Date: 26 September 2012
Title: The Gift of the Magi
Author: William Sydney Porter also known as O. Henry
Background of the O. Henry:
O. Henry was born on September 11, 1862, in Greensboro, North Carolina. Both his mother and father died before O. Henry turned 20. As a teenager, he worked as a pharmacist’s assistant in his uncle’s drugstore to help support his family. At age 19, he moved to Texas to take advantage of its warmth and dry climate. There he worked at a farm that belonged to a friend of his family’s. Vocabulary:

* Instigates: To cause by incitement
* Subsiding: To sink to a low or lower level
* Coax: To attempt to influence by gentle persuasion
* Faltered: To hesitate or waver in action, purpose, intent, etc. * Ravages: To work havoc upon
* Assertion: A positive statement or declaration, often without reason or support * Tresses: A plait or braid of hair
* Ardent: Having, expressive of, or characterized by intense feeling * Dandy: A man who is excessively concerned about his clothes and appearance * Manger: A box or trough in a stable or barn from which horses or cattle eat Setting: Christmas Eve, New York City

Characters:
* Delia Young
* James Dillingham Young
* Madame Sofronie
Literary Devices:
* Allusion: “The magi, as you know, were wise men—wonderfully wise men—who brought gifts to the Babe in the manger.” * Anadiplosis: “And sixty cents of it was in pennies. Pennies saved one and two………” * Polysyndeton: “…… a time by bulldozing the grocer and the vegetable man and the butcher.” * Personification: “The dull precious metal seemed to flash with a reflection of her bright and ardent soul.” * Repetition: “…… looked out dully at a gray cat walking a gray fence in a gray backyard.” * Simile: “…… about her rippling and shining like a cascade of brown waters.” * Metaphor: “Oh, and the next two hours tripped by on rosy wings.” * Situational Irony: Della receives combs for her hair that is no longer there. * Synecdoche: “White fingers and nimble tore the string and paper…” * Alliteration: “…… that life is made up of sobs, sniffles, and smiles.” Symbolism:

The symbolism in "The Gift of the Magi" is based upon the gifts given by Jim and Della. Both Jim and Della gave up a possession the forfeited the importance of the gift they would receive from their spouse. The gifts showing the importance of giving everything of themselves. Theme:

* Love
* Sacrifice
* Wealth
* Women and Feminity
Point of View: Third Person

THE NECKLACE
BY: GUY DE MAUPASSANT

Date: 10 October 2012
Title: The Necklace
Author: Henri Rene Albert Guy De Maupassant
Background of the Author:
Henri Rene Albert Guy De Maupassant was born on August 5th, 1850 and was declared deceased on July 6th, 1893. He was a French writer known for his short stories, which painted the life of people in the 19th Century of France. He was prolific, published 300 short stories and 6 novels, but he died at a very young age due to physical and mental illness. Vocabulary:

* Blundered: A gross, or stupid mistake
* Wit: The keen perception and cleverly apt expression of those connections between ideas that awaken amusement and pleasure. * Antechambers: A chamber or room that serves as a waiting room and entrance to a larger room or an apartment * Peopling: Indefinitely or Collectively

* Trifled: An article or thing of very little value
Setting: Paris, 1880
Character:
* Mathilde Loisel
* Monsieur Loisel
* Madame Forestier
Literary Devices:
* Situational Irony
* Authorial Intrusion
* Anaphora
* Alliteration
Symbolism: The Necklace
The necklace, beautiful but worthless, represents the power of perception and the split between appearances and reality. Mathilde wants to borrow the necklace from Madame Forestier, but she did not tell Mathilde that it...
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