Non-Realist Mode Lit

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Lit * -------------------------------------------------
Notes on Non-Realist Modes
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Mode – a way of looking at the world.
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1) Magic Realism
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- Mode of fiction apart from romance and realism
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- A term that hints at disbelief
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- Oxymoron
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- “An unexpected alteration of reality, an accustomed insight that is singularly favored by the unexpected richness of reality or an amplification” –Carpenter * -------------------------------------------------

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Ø Implications:
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o More willing to accept divergent forms of perception
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o More respectful of other ways of looking
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o Never monolithic
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o Presence of ‘irreducible’ magic that no natural laws can explain * -------------------------------------------------
o Realistic description of common everyday things, then revised or ‘refelt’ by the marvelous * -------------------------------------------------
o Unsettling effect that draws the reader to 2 versions of reality * -------------------------------------------------
o Convergence of two realms; simultaneous existence of 2 irreducible words * -------------------------------------------------
o Time is both history and timeless; space is often challenged; identity breaks down at times * -------------------------------------------------
Ø Historical development:
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o Historical upheavals in developing countries have given way to a variety of experiments in race, class, gender, and ethnicity * -------------------------------------------------
o Cross section presents extreme and unsettling hybridity
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o Politicized writers have written to reconcile the different worlds * -------------------------------------------------
o When colonialism has totally ruined the heritage, magic realism provided boundless freedom to recreate the archive – “because everything that has been part of our heritage has been destroyed, the only thing left for us to do is create.” * -------------------------------------------------

Ø Effect of magic realism:
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o Defamiliarization
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o It will let you make something new of the scenes.
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Ø Post-colonial move:
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o Resists high-handed European notions of naturalism and realism * -------------------------------------------------
o Admits to the deep hybridity of *can’t understand what was written* * -------------------------------------------------
Ø Origin: Latin America
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o Authors: Gabriel Garcia Marquez (founding father of magic realism; One Hundred Years of Solitude – political allegory), Fuentes, Allende à Their purpose: to get their message across through magic realism; they use it as a tool against socio-political repression * -------------------------------------------------

Ø Magic Realism vs. Realism
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o Realism – monolithic, unchanging, mimesis (verisimilitude) * -------------------------------------------------
o...
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