New World Beginnings

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Chapter One – New World Beginnings 33,000 B.C. – A.D. 1769

Column 1: TermColumn 2: Definition and Details

Bering Strait| A narrow sea passage that separates the eastern tip of Siberia in Russia from Alaska and links the Arctic Ocean with the Bering Sea. During the Ice Age, as a result of a drop in sea levels, the Bering land bridge formed between the two continents, allowing the migration of animals and dispersal of plants in both directions.| | |

Pueblos| A communal building erected by certain Indian tribes of Arizona and New Mexico. Large size & usually built from either stone or adobe.| | |
Mound Builders| Prehistoric Amerindians who built altar mounds.| | |
Creeks, Choctaw, Cherokee, Chickasaw & Seminole| Five Civilized Tribes that was considered civilized by Anglo- European settlers during the colonial & early federal period because they adopted many of the colonists’ customs & had generally good relations with their neighbors.| | |

Importance of Corn| Native Americans grown corn or maize & used it for both food & utilitarian purposes. Eastern tribes shared their knowledge of corn with early European settlers.| | |
“Three sisters” planting| Three main agricultural crops of various Native American groups: squash, maize & tepary beans. The crops benefit from each other. Maize & beans are a balanced diet & the squash acts as living mulch.| | |

Iroquois| A member of a former confederacy of North American Indian people originally comprising the Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga and Seneca…| | |
Matrilineal Culture| Native Americans tracked their lineage from the mother’s side of the family as the priority & for membership or inclusion| | |
Vasco da Gama| Famous explorer; first Portuguese to reach India. Also the governor. Died in South India in 1524. | | |
Ferdinand & Isabella| Royal cousins. Marriage was politically arranged as an effort to unite their two kingdoms. Isabella...
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