Nclex Studyguide Pn

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DO NOT delegate what you can EAT! E - evaluate A - assess T - teach addisons= down, down down up down cushings= up up up down up addisons= hyponatremia, hypotension, decreased blood vol, hyperkalemia, hypoglycemia cushings= hypernatremia, hypertension, incrased blood vol, hypokalemia, hyperglycemia No Pee, no K (do not give potassium without adequate urine output) EleVate Veins; dAngle Arteries for better perfusion A= appearance (color all pink, pink and blue, blue [pale]) P= pulse (>100, < 100, absent) G= grimace (cough, grimace, no response) A= activity (flexed, flaccid, limp) R= respirations (strong cry, weak cry, absent) TRANSMISSION-BASED PRECAUTIONS: AIRBORNE My - Measles Chicken - Chicken Pox/Varicella Hez - Herpez Zoster/Shingles TB or remember... MTV=Airborne Measles TB Varicella-Chicken Pox/Herpes Zoster-Shingles Private Room - negative pressure with 6-12 air exchanges/hr Mask, N95 for TB DROPLET think of SPIDERMAN! S - sepsis S - scarlet fever S - streptococcal pharyngitis P - parvovirus B19 P - pneumonia P - pertussis I - influenza D - diptheria (pharyngeal) E - epiglottitis R - rubella M - mumps M - meningitis M - mycoplasma or meningeal pneumonia An - Adenovirus Private Room or cohort Mask

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CONTACT PRECAUTION MRS.WEE M - multidrug resistant organism R - respiratory infection S - skin infections * W - wound infxn E - enteric infxn - clostridium difficile E - eye infxn - conjunctivitis SKIN INFECTIONS VCHIPS V - varicella zoster C - cutaneous diphtheria H - herpez simplex I - impetigo P - pediculosis S - scabies 1. Air/Pulmonary Embolism (S&S: chest pain, difficulty breathing, tachycardia, pale/cyanotic, sense of impending doom) --> turn pt to left side and lower the head of the bed. 2. Woman in Labor w/ Un-reassuring FHR (late decels, decreased variability, fetal bradycardia, etc) --> turn on left side (and give O2, stop Pitocin, increase IV fluids) 3. Tube Feeding w/ Decreased LOC --> position pt on right side (promotes emptying of the stomach) with the HOB elevated (to prevent aspiration) 4. During Epidural Puncture --> side-lying 5. After Lumbar Puncture (and also oil-based Myelogram)--> pt lies in flat supine (to prevent headache and leaking of CSF) 6. Pt w/ Heat Stroke --> lie flat w/ legs elevated 7. During Continuous Bladder Irrigation (CBI) --> catheter is taped to thigh so leg should be kept straight. No other positioning restrictions. 8. After Myringotomy --> position on side of affected ear after surgery (allows drainage of secretions) 9. After Cataract Surgery --> pt will sleep on unaffected side with a night shield for 1-4 weeks. 10. After Thyroidectomy --> low or semi-Fowler's, support head, neck and shoulders. 11. Infant w/ Spina Bifida --> position prone (on abdomen) so that sac does not rupture 12. Buck's Traction (skin traction) --> elevate foot of bed for counter-traction 13. After Total Hip Replacement --> don't sleep on operated side, don't flex hip more than 4560 degrees, don't elevate HOB more than 45 degrees. Maintain hip abduction by separating thighs with pillows. 14. Prolapsed Cord --> knee-chest position or Trendelenburg

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15. Infant w/ Cleft Lip --> position on back or in infant seat to prevent trauma to suture line. While feeding, hold in upright position. 16. To Prevent Dumping Syndrome (post-operative ulcer/stomach surgeries) --> eat in reclining position, lie down after meals for 20-30 minutes (also restrict fluids during meals, low CHO and fiber diet, small frequent meals) 17. Above Knee Amputation --> elevate for first 24 hours on pillow, position prone daily to provide for hip extension. 18. Below Knee Amputation --> foot of bed elevated for first 24 hours, position prone daily to provide for hip extension. 19. Detached Retina --> area of detachment should be in the dependent position 20. Administration of Enema --> position pt in left side-lying (Sim's) with knee flexed 21. After Supratentorial Surgery (incision behind hairline) --> elevate HOB 30-45 degrees...
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