Mr Tibor

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MORPHOLOGY – STATE EXAM QUESTIONS:

1) Classification of English and Slovak as language types; varieties of English; criteria, varieties in grammar; national standards of English; grammatical differences between British and American English 2) Word classes and conversion

3) Morphological elements (morphemes, morphs, allomorphs, words) and syntactic elements (sentences, clauses, phrases); obligatory and optional synstactic elements 4) Phrases and their composition (phrase elements); premodifiers and postmodifiers in noun phrases and other phrase types; prederminers, central determiners, posdeterminers in noun phrases 5) Clasification and characteristic features of nouns, their morphological categories

a) Number, differences between English and Slovak, plual of English nouns (including foreign plurals), plural and meaning b) Countability, countable and uncountable nouns, nouns which can be either countable or uncountable, partitive constructions c) Case of English and Slovak nouns, the English genitive and its grammatical status, genitive meanings, choice of the 's- genitive and the of- genitive, group genitive, independent genitive, double genitive (or post genitive) d) Gender phenomena in English and Slovak, grammatical status of gender in the two languages e) Proper nouns, proper nouns and their definiteness

f) Definiteness, use of articles with individual classes od nouns, noun phrases with zero determiner, generic and specific reference, characteristic of English articles (definite, indefinite, zero), definiteness in English and Slovak

6) Characteristic and division of pronouns, grammatical caterories of pronouns, description of each pronoun class pointing out the main differences between English and Slovak 7) Characteristic and classification of adjectives, syntactic functions of adjectives, adjectives in postposition, substantivization of adjectives, nationality words, complementation of adjectives, substantivization of adjectives, meaning differences between converted and derivated adjectives 8) Adverbs, characteristics and classification, morphological types, relationship between adjectives and adverbs 9) Comparison of adjectives and adverbs, types and means, regular and irregular comparison 10) Characteristics and classification of verbs, verb forms (synthetical, analytical, regular, irregular, finite, nonfinite), verb phrase analysis, the structure of verb phrases, complementation of verbs (types), syntactic functions; grammatical categories a) Tense, tense vs. time, problem of determining the number of tenses in English, comparison of English and Slovak tenses, existence of the future tense, forms reffering to the future, tense-shift b) Aspect in English and Slovak, aspect and tense, perfect vs. non-perfect, verbs used in the progressive aspect, characteristics and meanings of the English progressive c) Mood, characteristics of the imperative, characteristic features of subjunctive I and II (forms, uses) d) Voice, characteristics of the passive, verbs not used in the passive, passive transformation with ditransitive verbs, main motives for the use of the passive, English passive constructions having active counterparts in Slovak e) Modal auxiliaries – morphological characteristics, role in the verb phrase, principal meanings and uses of individual modal verbs, shift of meaning in negative forms and in questions, marginal modal auxiliaries, modal idioms and semi-auxiliaries, modal verbs + perfect infinitive, modal equivalents f) Multi-word verbs

g) Primary verbs
h) Finite and non-finite verb forms, morphological and syntactical characteristics, verbal and non-verbal features; infinitive with and without to, split infinitive, subjective and objective infinitive, infinitive clauses, for + infinitive; -ing-forms, verbs followed by the infinitive and/or –ing-form;...
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