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Groups & Team behavior

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Group
• Defining a group : • Two or more people constitute a group if... • There is interaction among members • Shared goals • People see themselves as members of the group

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Why do groups form?
• The similarity-attraction effect:• We like people who are similar to us in some way. • Exposure:• We like people whom we have been exposed to repeatedly. • Reciprocity:• We like people who like us.

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Why People Join Groups
• Security • Status • Affiliation • Power • Goal Achievement

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Types of Groups

Interest

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Types of Groups
1. formal - Formal groups are deliberately created by the organization in order to help the organizational members achieve some of the important organizational goals. 2. informal groups. The informal groups, in contrast, develop rather spontaneously among an organization’s members without any direction from the organizational authorities.

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Types of formal groups
• • • • Command group Task groups Standing committee Task force / ad hoc committee

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Types of formal groups
• Command group
• Is determined by the organizational chart describing the approved formal connections between individuals in an organization. • Eg: Director and the faculty members in a business school.

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Types of formal groups
• Task groups • Comprising of some individuals with special interest or expertise, are created by the organizational authorities to work together in order to complete a specific task. • It can be cross functional in nature. • Eg :people working on a particular project.

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Types of formal groups
• Standing committee
• is a permanent committee in an organization to deal with some specific types of problems that may arise more or less on a regular basis.

• Eg: The standing committee in a university to discuss various academic and administrative issues. •

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Types of formal groups
• Task force / ad hoc committee, • is a temporary committee formed by organizational members from across various functional areas for a special purpose.

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Types of informal groups
• Interest groups • Friendship groups • Reference groups

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Types of informal groups
• Interest groups • Are formed when a group of employees band together to seek some common objectives, like protesting some organizational policy or joining the union to achieve a higher amount of bonus. • Friendship groups • Develop among the organizational members when they share some common interest like participating in some sports activities or staging the office drama, etc.

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Types of informal groups
• Reference groups are the groups, with which individuals identify and compare themselves. • The reference group might exist inside/outside the organization

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Formation of Groups
• Five-Stage Model of group development (Bruce Tuckman’s Model ) 1. Forming 2. Storming 3. Norming 4. Performing 5. Adjourning

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Forming
• Great deal of uncertainty about group’s purpose, structure and leadership. • Introductions are made • First Impressions; stereotyping • Interpersonal relations are established

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Storming Stage
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Bids for Power Competitive Closed Minded Conflict/Hostility Hidden Agendas Emotions run high

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Norming Stage
Leader emerges Group cohesion Listening Less Attempts to Control Progress towards objectives Role Identity Group standards and roles are Formed for members ligo@macfast.org

Performing Stage
High Morale and sprit Intense Loyalty Individual Creativity Team work Adopt and Identify Symbols

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Adjourning
• Adjourning is the final stage when the group, after achieving the objectives for which it was created, starts to...
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