CHANGE IN INDO-PAK RELATIONS POST 26/11
Role of Media
Ashraf ul Hassan.
The 2008 Mumbai attacks were 11 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks across Mumbai, India's largest city, allegedly by terrorists who came from Pakistan. Immediately after the assault, extensive media coverage had created war hysteria as tempers were raised across the country to launch a war against the neighboring Pakistan. Class: M.A (3rd Semester)
Roll No: 29157
INDIA-PAKISTAN AND CONFLICT.
India and Pakistan is the end product of the two nation theory. The bilateral relationship between India and Pakistan has always been marred with violence and constant disbelief of each other’s intention to bring an ever lasting solution for Kashmir conflict. Of late Kashmir has been regarded as an area buzzing with terrorist activity, loosing thousands of innocent lives to such barbaric acts year after year. KASHMIRCONFLICT
Before we discuss about the bilateral events and the change after Mumbai attack a peep into the root cause of tension is essential. The conflict started when the King of Kashmir decided to join the Indian union, regardless of the fact Kashmir is predominantly a Muslim populated region. INDO-PAK RELATION BEFORE MUMBAI ATTACK
After the Kargil war and the parliament attack in 2001 which brought both the nation to the brink of nuclear war, the bilateral relationship has improved in leaps and bounds. The trade between two nations resumed - Samjhauta Express , Delhi–Lahore Bus ,Srinagar–Muzaffarabad Bus , Thar Express , Indo-Pak Confederation, Indo-Pak Joint Judicial Committee were some of the high points. Even the Indian cricket team visited Pakistan for a full series after a long gap of 14 years. The troop withdrawals from Line of Control on both sides were well appreciated by the world community. There was a strong resolve from both sides to settle Kashmir conflict once and for all in a peaceful manner. No concrete talks about this issue have taken place after Agra summit in 1998. The restoration of trade links could have been considered as small but strong step in settling the Kashmir issue. Democracy being reinstated in Pakistan after a decade of dictatorship was also considered as a great impetus for peaceful relationship between the two nations.
The 2008 Mumbai attacks were 11 coordinated shooting and bombing attacks across Mumbai, India's largest city, allegedly by terrorists who came from Pakistan. The attackers allegedly received reconnaissance assistance before the attacks. Ajmal Kasab, the only attacker who was captured alive later confessed upon interrogation that the attacks were conducted with the support of Pakistan's ISI.The attacks, which drew widespread global condemnation, began on Wednesday, 26 November and lasted until Saturday, 29 November 2008, killing 164 people and wounding at least 308. Eight of the attacks occurred in South Mumbai: at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, the Oberoi Trident, the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower, Leopold Cafe, Cama Hospital (a women and children's hospital), the Nariman House Jewish community centre, the Metro Cinema, and a lane behind the Times of India building and St. Xavier's College. There was also an explosion at Mazagaon, in Mumbai's port area, and in a taxi at Vile Parle. By the early morning of 28 November, all sites except for the Taj hotel had been secured by Mumbai Police and security forces. On 29 November, India's National Security Guards (NSG) conducted Operation Black Tornado to flush out the remaining attackers; it resulted in the deaths of the last remaining attackers at the Taj hotel and ending all fighting in the attacks. Ajmal Kasab disclosed that the attackers were members of Lashkar-e-Taiba, the Pakistan-based militant organisation, considered a terrorist organisation by India, Pakistan, the United States, the United Kingdom, and the United Nations, among...