1.1 Antecedents 5
1.3 Theme: 6
1.4 Problem: 6
1.5.1 General Objective: 6
1.5.2 Specific Objectives: 6
2. Theoretical Framework 7
2.1. Second Language Acquisition Theory 8
2.2.1. The Acquisition–Learning Hypothesis: 8
2.2.2. The Monitor Hypothesis: 8
2.2.3. The Natural Order Hypothesis: 9
2.2.4. The Input Hypothesis: 9
2.2.5. The Affective Filter Hypothesis: 9
3.1. Mechanisms of Language Acquisition 11
3.1.1. Children Construct Grammars 13
3.1.2. The Innateness Hypothesis 13
3.1.3. Other examples: 14
3.2 Methodology 15
3.2.1. Paradigm 15
4.1. Conclusion 16
Every human knows at least one language, spoken or signed. Linguistics is the science of language, including the sounds, words, and grammar rules. Words in languages are finite, but sentences are not. It is this creative aspect of human language that sets it apart from animal languages, which are essentially responses to stimuli.
The rules of a language, also called grammar, are learned as one acquires a language. These rules include phonology, the sound system, morphology, the structure of words, syntax, the combination of words into sentences, semantics, the ways in which sounds and meanings are related, and the lexicon, or mental dictionary of words. When you know a language, you know words in that language, i.e. sound units that are related to specific meanings. However, the sounds and meanings of words are arbitrary. For the most part, there is no relationship between the way a word is pronounced (or signed) and its meaning.
Knowing a language encompasses this entire system, but this knowledge (called competence) is different from behavior (called performance.) You may know a language, but you may also choose to not speak it. Although you are not speaking the language, you still have the knowledge of it.... [continues]
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