MCA 102 DIGITAL SYSTEMS & LOGIC DESIGN
Module1 - Number systems and code. Number systems - Efficiency of number system, Decimal, Binary, Octal, Hexadecimalconversion from one to another- Binary addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, representation of signed numbers, addition and subtraction using 2’s complement and I’s complement. Binary codes - BCD code, Excess 3 code, Gray code, Alphanumeric code, Error detection codes, Error correcting code. Module II - Logic Gates and Boolean Algebra. Logic Gates - Basic logic gates- AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, Exclusive OR, Exclusive NOR gates- Logic symbols, truth table and timing diagrams. Boolean Algebra - Basic laws and theorems , Boolean functions, truth table, minimization of boolean function using K map method, Realization using logic gates and universal gates. Module III - Combinational and Sequential Logic Circuits. Combinational circuits - Half adder, Full Adder, Parallel binary adder, Subtracter, Magnitude Comparator, Decoders, Encoders, Multiplexers, Demultiplexers, Parity bit generator, PLA. Sequential circuits - Flip Flops – RS, JK, T and D Flip Flops, Edge triggered Flip Flops, Master slave Flip Flops. Module IV - Registers and counters. Registers - Serial in serial out, Serial in Parallel out, Parallel in serial out, Parallel in Parallel out registers, Bidirectional shift registers, universal shift registers. Counters - Synchronous and asynchronous counters, UP/DOWN counters, Modulo-N Counters, Cascaded counter, Programmable counter, Counters using shift registers, application of counters. Module V - Introduction to computers. Basic components of a computer , I/O devices - Input and output devices, printers, Display devices, Scanners. Mother Board - components of mother board. Secondary storage devices Hard disk- components of hard disk, data storage in hard disk, disk geometry.CD Family, DVD.

References

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Digital logic and Computer design - Morris Mano, Prentice Hall of...

...An Introduction to DigitalLogic
Up until now the labs have dealt with electricity in its analog form where a quantity is described by the amount of voltage, or current, or charge... expressed as a real number. However a large proportion of electronic equipment, including computers, uses digital electronics where the quantities (usually voltage) are described by two states; on and off. These two states can also be represented by true and false, 1 and 0, and in most physical systems are represented by the voltages 5V and 0V, or something close to that. While the restriction to two states seems limiting it makes many things easier because problems due to noise are minimized. It is generally very easy to reliably distinguish between logic 1 or logic 0.
Since many quantities cannot be represented by two states, more than one binary digit can be used to represent a number. For example the number 2510 (twenty five base 10) can be represented by the binary number 110012. It is easy to convert back and forth from binary to decimal by remembering that each digit in a binary number simply corresponds to a power of 2, as every digit in a decimal number corresponds to a power of 10. Using the previous example:
101 | | 100 | | 24 | | 23 | | 22 | | 21 | | 20 |
(10) | | (1) | | (16) | | (8) | | (4) | | (2) | | (1) |
2 | | 5 | = | 1 | | 1 | | 0 | | 0 | | 1 |
2*10 | + | 5*1 | =...

...K)
J/K
C
V
Energy gap of silicon (Si)
Eg
eV
Intrinsic carrier concentration of silicon (Si)
ni
1.45 x 1010 (at T = 300 K)
cm73
Dielectric constant of vacuum Dielectric constant of silicon (Si) Dielectric constant of silicon dioxide (SiO2 )
60
8.85 x 10-14
F/cm
ESi
11.7 x O
F/cm
6.x
3.97 x EO
F/cm
Commonly Used Prefixes for Units
giga mega kilo milli micro nano pico femto G M k m In n p f
109 106 103
10-3
10-6 10-9 10-12
10-15
second edition
CMO SDIGITAL INTE GRATE D CI RCUITS
Analysis and Design
SUNG-MO (STEVE) ANG
University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign
YUSUF LEBLEBIGI
Worcester Polytechnic Institute Swiss Federal Institute of Technology-Lausanne
U
McGraw-Hill.*
Boston Burr Ridge, IL Dubuque, IA Madison, WI New York San Francisco St. Louis Bangkok Bogota Caracas Lisbon London Madrid Mexico City Milan New Delhi Seoul Singapore Sydney Taipei Toronto
Copyrighted Material
McGmlfl-Hill Higher Education
TliJRD EDITION
A Division of'f1tt' M:Ora•·H ill Omtpanics
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CMOS DIGITAL lNTEORATEO CIRCUITS: ANALYSIS ANDD€SIGN
Pi•blislled by McGr:t\\o'·HiU. a businCS.'!unil o(The McOrnw·Hill Comp:mic s. Inc.. 122 I Avenue
oftheAtnericas, N ew YO•'k, NY 10020. Copyrighl() 2003. 1999, 1996 by The McOrsw-Hill Companies, loc. All rights �!laved. No Jllll't of lhis publkation muy be reproduooc.l or di�triboted
in My form or by any means. or stored in l.ll.iatilbi•St Of teltleval systenl. wi thout the prior wr...

...1i
Programmable LogicDesign
Quick Start Hand Book
By Karen Parnell & Nick Mehta
June 2003
ABSTRACT
Whether you design with discrete logic, base all of your designs on
microcontrollers, or simply want to learn how to use the latest and
most advanced programmable logic software, you will find this book
an interesting insight into a different way to design.
Programmablelogic devices were invented in the late seventies and
since then have proved to be very popular and are now one of the
largest growing sectors in the semiconductor industry. Why are
programmable logic devices so widely used? Programmable logic
devices provide designers ultimate flexibility, time to market
advantage, design integration, are easy to design with and can be
reprogrammed time and time again even in the field to upgrade
system functionality.
This book was written to complement the popular Xilinx Campus
Seminar series but can also be used as a stand-alone tutorial and
information source for the first of your many programmable logicdesigns. After you have finished your first design this book will prove
useful as a reference guide or quick start handbook.
The book details the history of programmable logic, where and how to
use them,...

...ACHARYA NAGARJUNA UNIVERSITY 3 year P.G. Degree Course (Semester System)
MASTER OF COMPUTER APPLICATIONS
W.E.F. 2009 – 2010
R.V.R. & J.C. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING (Sponsored By Nagarjuna Educational Society) CHOWDAVARAM – GUNTUR-19
ACHARYA NAGARJUNA UNIVERSITY
RULES AND REGULATIONS OF SEMESTER SYSTEM IN POST-GRADUATE DEGREE COURSES EFFECTIVE FROM THE ACADEMIC YEAR 2009-2010 ONWARDS. 1. ADMISSION : Candidates shall be admitted into P.G.Degree Courses strictly in accordance with the rank secured at the entrance test, if any, or rank determined on the basis of the marks other criteria determined by the University from time to time, following the rules of reservation of seats for various categories of students. 2. DURATION AND COURSE OF STUDY: The duration of the P.G.Degree Course is of one/two/three academic years. Each academic year is divided into two semesters. The two semesters in the first academic year are referred to as Semester I and Semester II and the two semesters in the second academic year are referred to as Semester III and Semester IV. For three year course, the third academic year will have semester V and VI. Each semester shall comprise of 16 weeks of instruction. 3. TIME FOR THE COMPLETION FO THE COURSE : The candidates have to complete three years of P.G.Course within 6years from the year of joining the course. 4. AWARD OF DEGREE: The Post Graduates Degree in the concerned faculty will be conferred on a candidate...

...Lab 1: DigitalLogic Lab Introduction
Date of experiment: 1/30/2014
Date of Submission: 6/2/2014
Submitted by: Evgeniya Koshelyaevskaya
Group partners : Constantin Bercov, Rachel Revzin
College of Staten Island
Objective
1. To get familiar with the Cadet station and the basic equipment used for the experiment.
2. To investigate the behavior of the IC Chips obtained from the technician.
3. Compare theoretical data with the obtained experimental data to verify the logic gates.
Apparatus and Materials
1. CADET Station
2. Logic probe
3. Wires
4. IC Chips
a. 7400 (two-input NAND)
b. 7402 (two-input NOR)
c. 7404 (inverter)
d. 7408 (two-input AND)
e. 7432 (two-input OR)
f. 7486 (two-input XOR)
Discussion
1. After getting familiar with the station provided by the technician we located all the logic indicators on the right side and logic switches on the left side of the CADET as well as we noted the holes in the plastic strip near the switches and LED’s that were needed in order to connect the wires.
2. It is necessary to make sure that +5/+V switches near the logic indicators are set to +5 V which is default logic voltage levels.
3. Connection of logic switches with the logic indicators provides a low output before we turn on the switch and after we do the switch corresponding to the...

...11.5-11.7
Accomplishments of the student after completing the course :
After completion of the course students should become reasonably good at problem
solving and algorithm development. They would become capable of solving problems
using computers through C programming language.
*****
*****
*****
Course Name: Discrete Mathematics for Computer Science
Course Code: MCA 112
Objectives: The objective of this course is to present the foundations of many basic
computer related concepts and provide a coherent development to the students for the
courses like Fundamentals of Computer Organization, RDBMS, Data Structures,
Analysis of Algorithms, Theory of Computation ,Cryptography, Artificial Intelligence
and others. This course will enhance the student’s ability to think logically and
mathematically.
Prerequisites: Knowledge of basic concepts on Sets, different operations on sets,
binary operations, functions.
Contents:
1: Lattices and Boolean Algebra [20%]:
Relation and ordering, partially ordered sets, Lattices as poset, properties of
lattices, Lattices as algebraic systems, sublattices, direct product and
homomorphism, complete lattices, bounds of lattices, distributive lattice,
complemented lattices.
Introduction, definition and important properties of Boolean Algebra, Sub
Boolean algebra, direct product and homomorphism, join-irreducible, meetirreducible, atoms, anti atoms, Stone’s representation theorem....

...Experiment No.#: <Title>
Objectives
1. To __ (I will provide this anyway)
2. To __
Theoretical Background
Theories, functions, operations, methods, diagrams, schematics, examples, etc about the topic of the experiment are thoroughly discussed in this section. Here, we can see the desired results of the experiment. About 2 to 3 pages. WARNING: Do not copy and paste from Wikipedia. Remove all hyperlinks and edit properly. Note your references in the appropriate section of this lab report.
Materials and Equipment
* 7400 Quad 2-input NAND gate
* 7402 Quad 2-input NOR gate
* …
* Logic Trainer
* Digital Multimeter
Procedures, Data and Results
1. These are usually provided. Pictures (of the experimental set-up, and NOT the members), data, tables and results are presented here.
Table No.1: Description
| | |
| | |
| | |
| | |
2. Next
3. Figures
Figure No. #: Description
4. Etc.
Observations, Conclusion and Recommendation
Observations
Discuss what you have observed about the experiment. Example is about how the high level of voltage at the output of the gate decreases from 5v at the input to about 3.8v. Also you may include how sensitive the ICs are. Etc.
Conclusion
Based on your observations, you may draw your conclusions here. Write a scientific explanation of the observations above.
Recommendations
Discuss how to improve the experiment. How...

...LOGICDESIGN ASSIGNMENT
1.
A.
B. To convert 85.85 from its decimal form to binary.
2|85 0.85 × 2 = (1). 70
2|42 r 1 0.70 × 2 = (1).40
2|21 r 0 0.40 × 2 = (0).80
2|10 r 1 0.80 × 2 = (1).60
2|5 r 0 0.85₁₀ = .1101₂
2|2 r 1
2|1 r 0 =1010101₂ THEREFORE 85.85₁₀ = 1010101.1101₂
2|0 r 1
To convert 85.85₁₀ to Octal
8|85 0.85 x 8 = (6).80
8|10 r 5 0.80 x 8 = (6).40
8|01 r 2 0.40 x 8 = (3).20
8|00 r 1 85₁₀ = 125₈ 0.20 x 8 = (1).60
.85₁₀ = .6631₈
THEREFORE 85.85₁₀ = 125.6631₈
To convert 105.15₁₀ to Binary
2|105 .15 x 2 = (0).30
2|52 r 1 .30 x 2 = (0).60
2|26 r 0 .60 x 2 = (1).20
2|13 r 0 .20 x 2 = (0).40 .15₁₀= .0010₂
2|06 r 1
2|03 r 0
2|01 r 1
2|00 r 1 105₁₀ = 1101001₂
THEREFORE 105.15₂ = 1101001.0010₂
To convert 105.15₁₀ to Octal
8|105 .15 x 8 = (1).20
8|13 r 1 .20 x 8 = (1).60
8|01 r 5 .60 x 8 = (4). 80 .15₁₀ = 1146₈
8|00 r 1 .80 x 8 = (6).40
105₁₀= 151₈
THEREFORE 105.15₁₀ = 151.1146₈
C. Arithmetic operations using the 2’s complement notation.
67 + (-67)
67₁₀ = 01000011₂
-67₁₀ =10111100₂ +00000001₂ = 10111101₂
01000011₂ + 10111101₂ = 00000000₂
(67) + (-67) = 0
87- 5
87 = 01010111₂
5 = 0000101₂
-5 = 11111010₂ + 00000001₂ = 11111011₂
87- 5 =01010111₂ + 11111011₂ = 01010010₂
-37-(40)
37 =...

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