Planning:Manager decides what has to be done and how it will be done this is the planning function.
Organizing:Arranging for the work to be done related to planning this is called organizing function.
Leadership:The manager directs and motivates people to attain the goal this is called leadership function.
Control: The manager monitors work performance with respect to the goal and takes necessary action whenever work begins to deviate from the goal;this is called control function.
Change(Purpose or Goal):Assessing the four functions to determine how well they,the functions,are doing and where change is needed,either to the goal or to the functions themselves.
All managers at all levels of every organization perform these functions, but the amount of time a manager spends on each one depends on both the level of management and the specific organization. The above functions are followed by managers on a day-by-day basis in strict sequence.Although planning should precede the others,there is always a need to organize activities,direct people and evaluate work,regardless of sequence Managers constantly face change,which means that plans,activities,performance standards,and leadership styles must also change.Managers oversee a variety of work tasks simultaneously,and for each one they must be able to exercise any of these functions as needed.So every function comes in to play in the course of a project.
2.Depending on different functional area and managerial level of the job it is understood that there is no such process or set of management functions applies equally in all cases.Managers must be adaptable to the situation.This is called the contingency viewpoint of management.This is the latest in an evolving series of management positions and methodologies.
The earliest called the classical viewpoint,originated at the twentieth century.This held that there was... [continues]
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