There are a number of theories and a mass of contradictory information about how firms should improve
investment in funds, improve quality of the product or the organisation, improve its marketing, how to align
the quality system with strategic objectives set, how to motivate workers and managers. Successful firms deal
with it from the contingency perspective: choosing the approach that makes sense in the current or expected
situation in the near future, a pragmatic view with open eye to ethical considerations. One could state as null
hypothesis Ho: management research does not provide ‘valid knowledge’ that supports solving management
and organisation problems. Leading to the research hypothesis H1: management research does provide
support in solving mgt and org problems. What ‘theory’ you could or should be used in your dissertation about
applied management sciences depends on your knowledge about management theories, the ‘problem’ and
the ‘research question’. It could relate to accounting systems, IT, marketing, strategy, decision making, project
management, leadership, etc.
Management ‘problems’ are related to a ‘situation’. Normally chapter 1 provides a situation analysis to
understand the various aspects of the problem (its magnitude, relevance for stakeholders, its importance, etc.).
Problems may stem from a gap between a fact and a ‘wish’. These gap-problems are recognized by symptoms,
changes in the level of some key monitor that measures achievement. The ‘wish’ is anything like a standard, a
norm, an objective to be reached, by either a person or an organisation, and the problem is a gap between
what did happen and what should have happened: a failure to meet an objective . In those cases, you will look
for theories that may underpin or help to improve current processes in the organisation. Chap 2 is looking for
theories that... [continues]
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