Malaysian Studies

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  • Topic: Malaysia, Malay states, Peninsular Malaysia
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UNIT 1 i
History and the struggle for independence

Unit 1
WLA 103/03

Malaysian Studies

History and the
Struggle for
Independence

ii WAWASAN OPEN UNIVERSITY
WLA 103/03 Malaysian Studies

COURSE TEAM
Course Team Coordinator: Ms. Vickneswarinee Ganisha
Content Writers: Ms. Vickneswarinee Ganisha, Ms. Kalai Mathi Yesupatham, Mr. Roy Anthony Rogers and Associate Professor Jatswan Singh
Instructional Designer: Professor Dr. Ng Wai Kong
Academic Members: Ms. Rabikha Hasni Suparman and Ms. Jasmine Selvarani Emmanuel

COURSE COORDINATOR
Dr. S. Nagarajan

EXTERNAL COURSE ASSESSOR
Dato’ Dr. Sharom Ahmat

PRODUCTION
In-house Editors: Ms. Koh Kah Ling and Mr. Khoo Chiew Keen
Graphic Designer: Ms. Audrey Yeong

Wawasan Open University is Malaysia’s first private not-for-profit tertiary institution dedicated to adult learners. It is funded by the Wawasan Education Foundation, a tax-exempt entity established by the Malaysian People’s Movement Party (Gerakan) and supported by the Yeap Chor Ee Charitable and Endowment Trusts, other charities, corporations and members of the public. The course material development of the university is funded by Yeap Chor Ee Charitable and Endowment Trusts.

© 2009 Wawasan Open University
First revision 2011
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission from WOU.

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Tel: (604) 2180333 Fax: (604) 2279214
Email: enquiry@wou.edu.my
Website: www.wou.edu.my

UNIT 1 iii
History and the struggle for independence

Contents
Unit 1 History and the Struggle for
Independence
Course overview

1

Unit overview

3

Unit objectives

3

Chapter 1: The early history of Malaysia

5

Objectives

5

Introduction

5

The administrative structure of the Malacca Sultanate

7

Colonial era

8

Suggested answers to activities

12

Chapter 2: The struggle for independence

13

Objectives

13

Introduction

13

The struggle for nationalism

14

Suggested answers to activities

17

Chapter 3: The formation of Malaysia

19

Objectives

19

Introduction

19

Reaction towards the idea of Malaysia

20

Suggested answers to activities

23

iv WAWASAN OPEN UNIVERSITY
WLA 103/03 Malaysian Studies

Summary of Unit 1

25

Suggested answers to self-tests

27

References

31

UNIT 1 1
History and the struggle for independence

Course Overview

W

elcome to WLA 103/03 Malaysian Studies. This course aims to nurture and produce thinking Malaysians who are patriotic to the nation, visionary and proud to be Malaysians. The course is also intended for you to appreciate and confront challenges associated with achieving peace and prosperity in nation building, and appreciate the roles of Malaysia in the international arena. In this course, you will learn about our nation’s history and struggle for independence, its system and structure for governance and the constitutional and political processes. This will be followed by the key issues in forming a bangsa Malaysia and discussions on key national policies.

By the end of this course, you should be able to:
1. Explain the history and development of the nation and its ethnic groups. 2. Discuss the development of the society from the socio-cultural, political and economic perspectives.
3. Discuss the contributions of the heroes associated with the struggle and defence of the country’s independence and sovereignty.
4. Analyse the formation process of Malaysia and its impact on nation building.
5. Identify the main system of government and national administrative structure.
6. Analyse the roles and contributions of Malaysia in the international arena. 7. Identify patriotic values that will enhance your role...
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