Malay Language for Foreign Students
Bahasa Malaysia Komunikasi
Pelajaran I (Lesson 1)
SEBUTAN DAN INTONASI
* Bahasa Melayu/Bahasa Malaysia is written in romanised script consists of alphabets A to Z. So Bahasa Melayu is not phonetics. * Words in Bahasa Melayu are syllable.
* From all of the alphabets, five letters are vowels while the rest of the alphabets are consonants.
There are six vowels in Bahasa Malaysia:
is pronounced as aa/ar
adik (younger brother/sister)
is pronounced as a in English letter
is pronounced as eer
is pronounced as ee
is pronounced as o
is pronounced as oo
There are three diphtongs:
is pronounced as ie
is pronounced as ow
is pronounced as ouy
koboi (cow boy)
kaloi (a kind of fish)
In generals the pronunciation of consonants is the same as in English except for:
is pronounced as ch
is pronounced hard as in ‘garden’, ‘girl’
THE ADDITIONAL ALPHABET (CLUSTER)
There are some additional alphabet in Bahasa Melayu. They are counted as single letter such as:
is pronounced like sing.
nganga (to open the mouth widely)
is pronounced like shelter.
syarat (prerequirement, condition)
syabas (well done!, good!)
is pronounced like new.
is pronounced like key.
SYLLABLE WORD IN BAHASA MELAYU
Bahasa Malayasia is not a phonetics. It is pronounced by syllables. Example, man-di, bu-ku, ti-dur, sem-bi-lan, and per-ja-la-nan. To separate a word into syllables, there are some keys to follow:
If there are two vowels follows each other, separation is between the vowels.
If there is a consonant in the middle between vowels, separation is before consonant. na-ma (name)
ng, ny, sy, kh is a single letter so separate it before or after.
If there are two consonants in the middle follows each other, separation is in between.
TO SEPARATE A WORD
There are patterns that can be used as a key to separate a word into syllables.
If there are two vowels follows each other, the separation is between the vowels. For an example, bu-ih (foam/bubble).
If there is a consonant in the middle between vowels, the separation is before the consonant. For example, ma-ta (eye).
If there are two consonants in the middle follows each other, the separation is in between the consonants. For example, er-ti (means/meaning)
If there are three consonants or more, the separation is between the first and second consonants. For example, tan-duk (horn, antlers)
The Additional Alphabet
The additional alphabet such as ng,ny, sy, kh is a single letter. So it can not be separated by itself. It...
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