THEORY OF PHONETICS (Philology Department)
Seminar No 5 (2 hrs)
MAJOR ACCENTS IN THE UK. GENERAL AMERICAN AS
THE AMERICAN ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION STANDARD
Points for discussion:
Major accents in the UK.
1. RP/BBC English as the British national standard of pronunciation: 1) Socio-historical survey of RP/BBC English.
2) Phonological and phonetic dimensions of RP/BBC English. 2. Cockney as an example of a broad accent of English. 3. Estuary English.
4. Chief differences between RP and regional accents of British English. General American as the American English pronunciation standard 5. Contemporary sociolinguistic situation in the USA. 6. General American phonological and phonetic description/discrimination: 1) Segmental differences:
2) Prosodic differences:
a) word-stress patterns distribution,
b) differences in sentence/utterance-level stress,
c) intonation distictions.
3) Voice quality distinctions.
Lecture 2, Seminar 1
1. Паращук В.Ю. Теоретична фонетика англійської мови: Навчальний посібник для студентів факультетів іноземних мов. – Вінниця: НОВА КНИГА, 2005. – pp. 71 – 100. 2. Теоретическая фонетика английского языка: Учеб. Для студ. ин-тов и фак. иностр. яз. / М.А. Соколова, К.П. Гинтовт и др. – М.: ВЛАДОС, 1996. – С. 253-275. Optional literature:
1. Gimson’s Pronunciation of English. – 5th ed. Revised by Alan Cruttenden. -Bristol: J W Arrowsmith Ltd, 1996. – P. 77-87. 2. Laver J. Principles of phonetics. – Cambridge: CUP, 1995. – pp. 55-65. 3. J.K. Chambers. Dialectology. – Cambridge: CUP, 1994. – pp. 5-9, 54-55.
☻ MAJOR ACCENTS IN THE UK
■ RP/BBC ENGLISH AS THE BRITISH NATIONAL STANDARD OF PRONUNCIATION □ Socio-historical survey of RP/BBC English.
The historical origins of RP go back to the 16th-17th century recommendations that the speech model should be that provided by the educated pronunciation of the court and the capital. Thus, the roots of RP are in London, more particularly the pronunciation of the London region and the Home counties lying around London within 60 miles: Middlesex, Essex, Kent, Surrey. By the 18th century a prestigious pronunciation model was characterized as the speech "received by the polite circles of society”. By the 19th century London English had increasingly acquired social prestige losing some of its local characteristics. It was finally fixed as the pronunciation of the ruling class. In the mid 19th century there was an increase in education, in particular, there occurred the rise of public schools (since 1864 Public School Act). These schools became important agencies in the transmission of Southern English as the form with highest prestige. Since that time London English or Southern English was termed as Classroom English, Public School English or Educated English. At the beginning of the 20th century Southern Educated English was a social, regionally-defined variety of more or less clearly definable social basis – rather a small group of people who had had public school education (Oxford, Cambridge). There was a forceful normalization movement towards the establishment of Educated Southern English as the STANDARD ACCENT. The major motifs of this were: 1) the need for a clearly defined and recognized norm for public and other purposes; 2) the desire to provide adequate descriptions for teaching English both as the mother tongue and a foreign language. Professor Daniel Jones described this variety as a hoped-for standard pronunciation in the first editions of his books "The Pronunciation of English!''  and "Outline of English Phonetics" . By 1930 the term "Standard Pronunciation" was replaced by "Received Pronunciation", which had been introduced by phonetician Ida...