Macbeth shall never vanquished be until
Great Birnam wood to high Dunsinane hill
Shall come against him.
Character: this quote reveals Macbeth’s overconfident character. Macbeth becomes overconfident as a result of this apparition because he interprets it to mean that he is safe until Birnam wood moves to his palace gate, a feat that would take centuries.
Theme: this quote develops the theme “there are negative repercussions for those who cannot decipher the difference between appearance and reality”. Macbeth believes that he is invincible as a forest cannot move. In reality, the English are using trees to mask their numbers as they attach Dunsiane. Because of his mistake, Macbeth dies.
Foreshadowing: this quote contains foreshadowing. The apparition tells Macbeth that he is safe until Birnam wood moves to Dunsinane. This actually happens in Act V when the opposing force cuts down trees to disguise their numbers, making it appear as though the forest is moving.
from this moment
The very firstlings of my heart shall be
The firstlings of my hand.
Character: Macbeth’s impulsive character is demonstrated here. Macbeth is saying that he will no longer be reflective and contemplative regarding his actions but will act immediately.
Plot: this quote moves the plot forward. Macbeth’s new found impulsiveness leads to the deaths of Macduff’s family, an act he would not have committed earlier in the play.
Theme: this quote develops the theme “when ambition is unchecked by moral constraints, destruction ensues”. Macbeth’s morals tell him that killing innocent people is wrong. However, he is so ambitious to secure his position as king that he kills Macduff’s family even though he was told to beware Macduff only. Because of his crime, Macbeth is killed by an enraged Macduff.
3. Lady Macduff
Wisdom! To leave his wife, to leave his babes,
His mansion and his titles in a place
From whence himself...