-Definition of Logistics:
Logistics is the management of the flow of resources between the point of origin and the point of destination in order to meet some requirements, for example of customers or corporations.The resources managed in logistics can include physical items such as food, meterials, equipment,liquids, and staff as well as abstract items such as information,particles, and energy. The logistics of pyhsical items usually involves the integration of information flow, material handling, prodoction, packaging, inventory, transportation, warhousing,and often security.The complexity of logistics can be modeled, analyzed, visualized, and optimized by dedicated simulation software.Minimizing use of resources and time are common motives.
-Main Logistics Targets:
Logistics is one of the main functions within a company. The main targets of logistics can be divided into performance related and cost related. A few examples are high due date reliability short delivery times, low inventory level and high capacity utilization. When decisions are made, there is a trade off between targets.
Given the services performed by logisticians, the main fields of logistics can be broken down as follows:
• Procurement Logistics
• Production Logistics
• Distribution Logistics
• After sales Logistics
• Disposal Logistics
• Reverse Logistics
Procurement Logistics consists of activities such as [[market research] requirements planning, make or buy decisions, supplier management, ordering, and order controlling. The targets in procurement logistics might be contradictory - maximize the efficiency by concentrating on core competences, outsourcing while maintaining the autonomy of the company, and minimization of procurement costs while maximizing the security within the supply process.
Production Logistics connects procurement to distribution logistics. The main function of production logistics is to use the available production capacities to produce the products needed in distribution logistics. Production logistics activities are related to organizational concepts, layout planning, production planning, and control.
Distribution Logistics has, as main tasks, the delivery of the finished products to the customer. It consists of order processing, warehousing, and transportation. Distribution logistics is necessary because the time, place, and quantity of production differs with the time, place, and quantity of consumption.
Disposal Logistics' main function is to reduce logistics cost(s), enhance service(s), related to the disposal of waste produced during the operation of a business.
Reverse logistics stands for all operations related to the reuse of products and materials.The reverse logistics process includes the management and the sale of surplus as well as returned items of products.
In military science, maintaining one's supply lines while disrupting those of the enemy is a crucial—some would say the most crucial—element of military strategy, since an armed force without resources and transportation is defenseless. The defeat of the British in the American War of Independence and the defeat of the Axis in the African theatre of World War II are attributed to logistical failure. The historical leaders Hannibal Barca, Alexander the Great, Freighnk Nieman and the Duke of Wellington are considered to have been logistical geniuses.
Militaries have a significant need for logistics solutions, and so have developed advanced implementations. Integrated Logistics Support (ILS) is a discipline used in military industries to ensure an easily supportable system with a robust customer service (logistic) concept at the lowest cost and in line with (often high) reliability, availability, maintainability and other requirements as defined for the project.
In military logistics, logistics officers manage how and when to move resources to...