Logic and Critical Thinking Midterm

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Logic & Critical Thinking - PHIL-C115-002: MIDTERM-
— P A G E 1 —

1. "Critical Thinking" is another name for logic.
| True|
x| False|

2. In the broadest sense, _______________, is just any matter that is in dispute, in doubt, or simply "up for review." | logic|
| critical thinking|
x| an issue|
| a premise|

3. Learning how to distinguish between good and bad arguments makes one a better global citizen. x| True|
| False|

4. Premises and conclusions are the same kind of statements. | True|
x| False|

5. Good reasoning is always fallacious reasoning.
| True|
x| False|

6. Arguments are composed of:
| premises|
| conclusions|
| reasons and claims|
x| all of the above|

7. Arguments are never:
| started for the wrong reasons|
x| questions|
| a collection of premises leading to a conclusion|
| all of the above|

8. When it comes to the intelligent evaluation of arguments, ignorance is bliss. | True|
x| False|

9. "General" beliefs are usually more important than "particular" ones. x| True|
| False|

10. Most world views are general in nature.
x| True|
| False|

11. We tend to absorb the beliefs of those around us as we mature from children into adults. x| True|
| False|

12. There is no substantial difference between cogent reasoning and being right about a matter of fact. | True|
x| False|

13. Valid deductive arguments can yield what element(s)?
x| True or false conclusions|
| only true conclusions|
| only false conclusions|
| all of the above|
| null|

14. Deductive validity is a matter of:
x| form|
| content|
| form and content|
| none of the above|

15. A valid argument can contain questionable premises.
x| True|
| False|

16. All fallacious reasoning falls into one of the three broad categories. x| True|
| False|

17. A trustworthy authority is anyone you love.
| True|
x| False|

— P A G E 2 —

18. One ought to check the educational pedigree and actual positive experience of any so-called "experts" before considering them legitimate authorities. x| True|
| False|

19. One should become an "expert" in everything.
| True|
x| False|

20. We reason fallaciously when we:
| fail to challenge questionable premises|
| fail to take relevant evidence seriously|
| make invalid inferences|
x| all of the above|

21. Arguments encountered in real life are never:
| vague or ambiguous|
| missing premises|
| missing an obvious conclusion|
x| none of the above|

22. Ad Hominem Argument is an irrelevant attack on an opponent rather than on the opponent's evidence. x| True|
| False|

23. Attacks on character or credentials are never cogent.
| True|
x| False|

24. Judging people by the company they keep is called Guilt By Association. x| True|
| False|

25. Two Wrongs Make a Right is justifying an apparently wrong action by charging their accuser with a similar wrong. x| True|
| False|

26. Assuming that an item has certain parts because all of its parts have that property is called division of parts. | True|
x| False|

27. An Ad Hominem argument:
| attacks the argument right at its heart|
| is always a justified form of reasoning|
| is never a justified form of reasoning|
x| attacks the opponent and not the argument at all|

28. According to the authors, the Ad Hominem fallacy is committed: | by everyone|
x| by politicians on "both sides of the aisle"|
| by no one|
| none of the above|

29. Accepting an argument on the basis of relevant and sufficient information is called Hasty Conclusion. | True|
x| False|

30. Questionable Cause is classifying "A" the same as "B" on evidence that is insufficient. | True|
x| False|

31. Questionable Analogy is drawing a conclusion when the cases...
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