Literary Devices in Poetry

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Figurative Language
* Poets use figurative language such as metaphor, simile, personification and anomatopeia, to express ideas or feelings. * Poets use metaphors to compare two apparently unlike things without using the words like, as, then, or resembles. The sky is a patchwork quilt * Poets use similes to make such comparisons using connection words as in the sky is a patchwork of quilt. * Personification is a language that attributes human qualifications to non-human things as in the wind danced in the trees * Onomatopoeia is the use of the word those sound imitates its meaning. Ex: buzz, hiss, thud, and sizzle * Imagery is a descriptive language poets use to create word pictures or images. Images are enhanced by sensory language which provides details related to the senses. Types of poetry

* Narrative-tells story that has the same literary elements, such as character, plot, stings, as works of prose fiction. Ballads, epics, and verse romances are three types of narrative poems. * Dramatic- uses techniques of drama to represent the speech of one or more characters in verse form * Lyric- expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, sonnets, odes, elegies, and haiku are four types of lyric poem. Elements

* Meter- the regular pattern of stressed (1) and unstressed (2) syllables in a poetic line * Foot- unit of rhythm
Most common English feet
Tamb ^/Trochee /^spandee //

Dactyl /^^anapest /^
* Number of feet per line
Monometer 1 footdimeter 2 feettimeter 3 feet
Tetrameter 4 feetpentameter 5 feet
* Stanzas- groups of poetic lines can be formally or informally organized and can run for many lines or just one Couplet-2 linestercet- 3 lines
Quatrain-4 linessestet-6 lines
Sound devices
* Rhyme-repetition of sounds at the end of words: top and drop * Alliteration-repetition of initial consonant sounds: weak and...
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