Literacy Devices

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Terminology
1.Paradox: statement that is self-contradictory on the surface, yet seems to evoke a truth nonetheless. Ex. whoever loses his life shall find it.
2. Soliloquy/ Aside: A dramatic device used by actors/actress that reveals specific information about themselves and their inner thoughts that are not revealed to the other characters, only the audience. 3. Euphemism: Substituting a more favorable word for another, which may be a socially delicate term Ex. He’s dead. (Socially indelicate) He passed on. (More favorable) 4. Archetype: A collectively inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., which is universally understood. A raven= an omen of death

An owl=often means wisdom
Spring=new life
5. Motif: A recurring subject, theme, idea, etc., especially in a literary, artistic, or musical work. 6. Comic Relief: The inclusion of humor as a means to relieve the tension of a particularly dramatic moment. 7. Nemesis: An opponent that cannot be beaten or overcome.

One that inflicts retribution or vengeance.
8. Tragic Hero:
* Has the personal qualities of a hero
* Has high social position
* Suffers a tragic fall -from a high to a low position -involves suffering
9. Hamartia:
* The flaw of a character which leads to his/her fall even if it is unintentional * A person is led to do something because of his/her flaw 10.Catharsis:
* The process of purification
* The audience is purged through the emotions of pity and fear- pity for the hero and fear of the result 11. Antithesis: Direct opposite or contrast
12. Closing By Return: A motif that is clearly at the beginning of a play, story, essay, etc., and revisited at the end. 13. Onomatopoeia: A word whose sound imitates that which it means 14. Analogy: Similarity in some respects between things that are otherwise dissimilar 15. Symbolism/Symbol: An object takes on the meaning of something intangible. All colors are symbols. Symbols are also connected to context, meaning what is going on around the situation. 16. Epiphany: A sudden realization or insight about a situation or an individual 17. Acronym: A word that has been formed through the use of the first letter or syllable of another existing word (TV-television) 18.Short Story: A short fictional prose narrative having only one major character plots setting theme. 19.Mood/Atmosphere: The prevailing feeling in a literary work 20.Conflict: A struggle between opposing characters, forces, emotions 21.Suspense: The condition of being uncertain about an outcome, used to create tension, excitement or anxiety 22. Irony: A literary device that creates a contrast or discrepancy矛盾between what is said and what is meant or between expectations and reality. * Verbal Irony: occurs when the real or intended meaning of a word or phrase or sentence is different than what the speaker intend * Dramatic Irony: the reader or viewer shares knowledge with the writer that a character doesn’t have 23. Tone: The attitude a writer expresses toward his or her subject 24. Foreshadowing: Clues that hint at what is going to happen later in the plot 25.Flashback: A device that shifts the narrative from the present to the past, usually to reveal a change in character or illustrate an important point 26.Imagery: A picture created by writers using concrete details, adjective and figures of speech 27.Point of View: The perspective from which a story is told 28.Symbol: Object that represent something greater that itself 29. Allusion: Reference to famous person, place, thing or event 30. Antagonist: Bad guys

31.Protagonist: Main character
32.Pathetic Fallacy: A literary device in which nature or inanimate things are described in a wrong way that is sympathetic or prophetic about events or emotions of the character 33. Metaphor/Simile: A comparison made by referring to one thing as another Ex. No man is an island- John Donne

Many metaphors are used so often that they have...
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