Lit 121

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Lit 121: Philippine Literature
Dr. Estrella T. Golingay

April 11, 2013
* To discuss the following:
* Purposes of literature
* Literary standards
* Literary values

Philippines Literature
* Compilation of Filipino writings

Purpose:
1. Promote cultural heritage
2. Rhetorical modeling
3. Individual development

Literary Values:
1. Technical Values – structure and component of literary piece 2. Affective Values – awareness of emotions, mood, tone and attitude 3. Ideational Values – awareness of themes, visions and universal truths

Literary Standards:
1. Artistry – workmanship or craftiness. Appeals to sense of beauty 2. Intellectual Values – stimulates thinking
3. Suggestiveness – associated with the emotional aspect of the literary piece 4. Spiritual Values – brings out the understanding of moral values that makes us better persons 5. Permanence – makes literature endure the test of time 6. Universality – appeals to all races, place and time

7. Style – author’s manner of putting words together on the page

April 12, 2013
* Discuss the basic concepts in literature
* Determine the elements of fiction

Elements of Fiction:
1. Character – player in a story
Types:
* According to Role Played:
* Protagonist
* Antagonist
* Stereotype – of the same personality/mold
* According to development
* Dynamic/Round – changes personality in the story
* Static/Flat – maintains the same personality in the story

Characterization – a way of establishing the personality/characters of protagonist

Methods of Characterization:
* Through the use of name
* Appearance
* Dialogue/character’s words
* Character’s action
* Other character’s words

2. Plot – organization of the incidents in a story
Types:
* Linear – follows chronological order of events
* Circular – uses flashbacks to complete the story
* En-medias-res – a story that starts in the middle

Components of Plot:
* Exposition/Introduction – the background
* Complication – introduces conflict
* External Conflict
* Man vs. Man
* Man vs. Nature
* Man vs. Fate
* Man vs. Society
* Internal Conflict
* Man vs. Himself
* Climax/Crisis – turning point of the story
* Falling Action – prelude to the ending
* Denouement/Resolution/Ending

3. Theme –
Deus ex machina – the use of unbelievable event to sustain the story.

4. Setting – the locale and time fame the action of the characters happen. Functions:
* Provides background for the action
* Acts as an antagonist
* Creates appropriate atmosphere
* Reveals characters
* Reinforces theme

5. Symbols – something that stands for/suggest something by reason of relationship or association Types:
* Traditional Symbols – those whose associations have been a property of the society or culture * Original Symbols –
* Private Symbols –
April 13, 2013
* To explore ancient concept of creation of Filipino in the Ancient Times

April 15, 2013
* To determine the manifestation of idea of divine power in the ancient literature

April 16, 2013
* To narrate the legend of the different towns of South Cotabato * Be able to tell/share riddles and proverbs

April 17, 2013
* Be able to tell/share riddles and proverbs

April 18, 2013 (Mr. Palma)
Prose – without metrical regularity
* Novel
* Short stories
* Plays
* Essays
* Biographies
* News
* Myths, Legends, and Fables

Poetry – have metrical form
1. Narrative
a. Epic
b. Metrical tales
c. Metrical romance
d. Ballad
2. Lyric Poetry
e. Haiku
f. Ode
g. Elegy
h. Sonnet
3. Dramatic poetry

April 19, 2013
Tone – the attitude of the writer towards his works
Mood – the prevalent atmosphere...
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