Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care
Define the following types of abuse
(a) Physical abuse – This is the deliberate use of physical force that results in bodily injury, pain or impairment (b) Sexual abuse – this is direct or indirect involvement in sexual activity without valid consent (c) Emotional / psychological abuse – this is any action by another that damages an individuals mental wellbeing. It includes the denial of basic human rights (d) Financial abuse – this is the theft or misuse of an individuals money or personal possessions to the advantage of another person (e) Institutional abuse – this is the mistreatment or abuse of an individual by a regime or people within an institution (f) Self neglect – this is where an individual fails to adequately care for themselves and meet their own basic needs (g) Neglect by others – this is the deliberate or unintentional failure to meet an individuals basic needs
Identify the signs and / or symptoms associated with each type of abuse listed above (a) Physical abuse – burns, scalds, broken bones, black eyes (b) Sexual abuse – injury of the genital area, fear of physical contact, torn clothes, depression (c) Emotional / psychological abuse – changes in appetite, depression, low self-esteem, lack of self confidence (d) Financial abuse – sudden inability to pay bills, no food in the house, missing money (e) Institutional abuse – lack of choices offered, rigid routines, activities arranged for the convenience of staff and the organisation (f) Self neglect – neglecting personal hygiene, not eating, self-harm (g) neglect by others – denial of access to health or social care, withholding of food as punishment
Describe factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse Individuals are more vulnerable to abuse if they are frail, isolated, have a mental illness like dementia or problems communicating. These factors can allow care workers to take...