* Legal system: purpose to bring justice and civilization to a community Enforced by police and other figures of authority
basis and fundamentals of having a cooperative society and country made up of institutions e.g. Australian Human Rights Commissions or UNHCR ( United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees). (Legal Studies workbook) Ultimately the goal of the law is to protect the rights of all citizens in society. * Under the 1951 Refugee Convention a refugee is defined as a person who has a well founded fear of being persecuted, whether because of their race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, and if they are outside the country of their nationality and if they are unable, or owing to such fear, unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country, they are deemed a refugee. * Asylum seekers are people who are seeking refugee status and safety. In Australia, nearly all asylum seekers who arrive by boat are assessed to be genuine refugees escaping violence, extremism and terror. * Asylum seekers are not a threat, they are threatened. Asylum seekers undergo security checks by ASIO (Australia's Security Intelligence Organization) Main refugees come from countries Afghanistan,
* Iraq and Colombia (http://www.refugeecouncil.org.au/docs/news&events/RW_Background_Information.pdf)
* The United nations Convention of Protocol Relation to Status of Refugees (1951, 1968) or commonly known as the refugee conventions the body that deals with refugees. * Australia is signatory with 25 other nations.
* It is legal to seek asylum in Australia, even if you arrive on a boat without a visa. Asylum seekers are not breaking the rules - they are following the processes outlined in the UN Refugee Convention and Australian Migration Act....