Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools
Unit 1: Schools as Organisations (T/601/3325)
1.1 Identify the main types of state and independent schools.
The main types of state and independent schools are as follows:
* Specialist schools
* City technology colleges
* Community and foundation special schools
* Faith schools
* Maintained boarding schools
* Free schools
1.2 Describe the different characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stages and school governance
The Key stages are as follows in comprehensive and free schools:
* Foundation stage – Normally this is for pupils in reception year, nursery or play group * KS1 – Years 1 to 3
* KS2 – Years 4 to 6
* KS3 – Years 7 to 9
* KS4 – Years 10 to 11 (GCSE’s and/or other equivalent Qualifications are taken in this Key Stage) * KS5 – Year 12 to 13 (A Levels and/or other equivalent Qualifications are taken in this Key Stage)
Although standards schools follow this key stage structure, Special schools will run these key stages adapted to the pupils needs i.e. a school for learning and physical disabilities may need extra support and resources to ensure that their pupils are achieving the national curriculum standards set for students with learning and/or physical disabilities.
The role of the Board of Governors is to run the school. This would include the following:
* School Finances and Budgets
* The School’s Curriculum
* Managing School Inspections
* To uphold national standards in education
Depending on the type of school, depends on the way in which the board of governors operate i.e. for learning and physical disability schools, the board of governors may invest in certain resources to maximise the pupil’s educational potential.
Most state schools are funded by the government where as private and independent schools are funded by parents, local funding or charitable income.
If the school is a managed school then the local authority employs the schools staff but for private schools and academies it is the school that employs their staff.
Managed schools get their pupils from their local catchment areas, the community or school open days. Private or specialised schools may get their students from the local community but may also have an open day or referrals from other educational establishments.
Below I have chosen three different types of schools and I will also explain their admissions policy and the age of the children.
Admissions policies – Grammar school admissions policies are normally set by the local council. All applications initially must go through the local council. Also with grammar schools, there is often a test in which a child has to take and pass in order to be accepted into the school. This is due to the fact that grammar school children are highly educated.
Age of pupils/students - pupils are normally enter into grammar school at the age of 10/11. They will be working on key stage 4 when entering the school. On the fourth year of school, pupils go on to key stage 5 working on GCSE’s and NVQ’s. In some cases, pupils in grammar schools may take their A Levels early or higher qualification. Pupils in grammar school now leave at the age of 17.
Admissions Policy – in Montessori schools the children are interviewed by a teacher to make sure that they fit in with the ethos of the school. A payment is needed from parents in order for children to attend the school. An educational or psychological assessment is needed by the school in order for the child to be admitted. Montessori schools do not admit children midterm unless they are transferring from another Montessori school.
Age of pupils/students – In Montessori schools, they admit children from 18 months up to 18 years old. Montessori...