Kindergarten Reading Comprehension Lesson Plan

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Kindergarten Reading Comprehension Lesson Plan

Time allotted: 20 minutes (circle time) multiple days
Developmental Objectives:
Understanding (Key Concept): Comprehension: Identify beginning, middle, and ending of text. Applying (Process Skill): Identify sequence of events in the book The Hungry Caterpillar by Eric Carle RememberingRetell the story

State Standards (Common Core, NC Essential Standards): RL.K.1. with prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.K.2 with prompting and support, retell familiar story including key details. RL.K.3with prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in the story. W.K.3.use a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing to narrate a single event or several loosely linked events, tell about the events in the order in which they occurred, and provide a reaction to what happened. Description of Lesson:

Guiding/Essential Question: What does “beginning” mean? What does it mean if something is in the “middle”? What is a word that means the same as “end”? Why is it important for the events in a story to be in a certain order? Ask the students to recite the days of the week with you, possibly pointing to the names on the calendar as you go. Which days are at the beginning of the week? (Sunday, Monday) Which days are in the middle? (Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday) Which days are at the end of the week? (Friday, Saturday). Note: Some students may want to consider Sunday at the end of the week as part of the weekend, so discuss that possibility if needed, because the story considers Sunday the beginning of the week.) Modeling/Teaching:

Tell students they will learn about the beginning, middle, and end of a story. Have a discussion about the beginning, middle, and end of other common things, such as the school day, how a caterpillar becomes a butterfly, sounds in words, such as /c/ /a/ /t/, a baseball game, a familiar song, etc. Discuss how there may be more than one event that can be classified as the beginning, middle, or end, and how some endings are really the beginning of a new process. You might also talk about how certain words and phrases in a story give clues about whether it is at the beginning, middle, or end. You could show students the following list and talk about where these words and phrases would be found---at the beginning, middle, or end. (A clue: if it’s not clearly the beginning or the end, it’s probably the middle.) Word or Phrase Where in the Story Once upon a time . . . beginning The End ending

They lived happily ever after ending
The next day . . . middle
After several months . . . middle
Finally ending
Explain to students that they will be discussing what happens at the beginning, middle, and end of the story you are going to read to them. Introduce the book The Very Hungry Caterpillar, by Eric Carle by asking students to consider the title. Ask, “What do you think a very hungry caterpillar eats?” and give students a chance to share their ideas. Begin reading the book to the class. As you read, pause to identify the parts of the text. For instance, before reading the first page say, “Let’s see what happens at the beginning of the book.” When you reach the part where the caterpillar begins to eat, you might say, “Here comes the middle of the story.” Finally, as the caterpillar builds his cocoon you might wonder aloud, “I think this is the ending of the book.” After you have read the book, draw a three-column chart on the board of chart paper, with the column labels, “Beginning,” “Middle”, and “End”. Since you are modeling this for students, think aloud while you say something such as,...
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