Kin 370 Exam 1 Study Guide

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Exam #1

Chapter 1: The Nature of Stress
· According to the definitions of stress, identify the components of which stress is comprised. (pg 8)) 1. A stressor or some sort of demand, pressure, situation, or event 2. our perception of that stressor 3. an emotional reactions 4. a psychiological reaction

· Describe the two types of stress and the two types of distress. (pg 9) Eustress and Distress are 2 types Distress: public speaking, abusive relationship

· Describe the Yerkes-Dodson Principle. (pg 13) Too little stress, as well as too much stress, is unhealthy

· Describe the types of stressors. (pg 17) Physiological stressor: illness, injury, etc Sociological stressor: relationships with others psychological stressor: subconscious perception of yourself philosophical stressor: stems from not living with your values/beliefs

· Define each of the dimensions of health. (pg 21) Physical health

social health emotional health intellectual health spiritual health environmental health occupational health holistic health: comprehensive and includes more than physical health

· Describe how stress and health are related. (pg 28) quality of each dimension of health may perpetuate and exacerbate a stressful life or contribute to peaceful life

· Briefly identify results from NCHA regarding stress as it’s related to health, obesity, and smoking. obese people (high BMI) were most stressed under them, underweight students

Chapter 2: The Face of Stress
· Identify the pioneers of stress and with what they are credited. (pg 56-57) look at page

· Describe the Social Readjustment Rating Scale. (pg 47) “Life changes scale” Predict relative chances of getting sick from stressors

· Describe Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and how his theory relates to stress. (pg 55) Phenomenon that humans have certain needs

· Identify the components of the ABCs of Human Needs. (pg 55-56) A= Accomplishment B=belonging c=comfort d=dependability e=esteem f=finances

· Identify gender differences in the prevalence of stress. (pg. 48-54) Look at pages but women more stressed than men

· Identify the prevalence of stress among Americans. (pg 48-49) Look at pages

· Briefly describe results from NCHA regarding stress and ethnicity among college students. (pg 49)

Black lowest stress-prone, Alaskan/Indian highest, next hispanic, asian, then white

· Briefly describe results from NCHA regarding differences among male and female college students. (pg 49-50, LECTURES) Females report a lot higher stress

· Briefly describe differences in the way males and females handle stress. (LECTURE) Females handle stress better in high risk behaviors as a way of coping with stress

· Identify the number of workers who experience high levels of stress. 9 out of 10

· Identify the number of workers who said job stress lowered their productivity and caused frequent ailments. (pg 52, LECTURE) 7 out of 10

· Identify how many workers have taken a mental health day off of workdue to stress. one in four

· Identify differences in health care costs associated with workers who report that they are stressed compared to those that aren’t stressed. (lecture) stressed people accrue health costs 46% higher than normal people

Chapter 3: The Mind/Body Connection
Describe the Stress Response or Model of Stress. Pg 74-75 1. First you encounter a stressor 2. Cognitive appraisal- is the stressor bad? How bad is it? Perceptions and thoughts are made

about the stressor come into play based on your personal experiences, phiolosophy, values, attitudes, and beliefs, which are largely determined by you past experiences 3. Feelings and emotions- Your thoughts and perceptions are closely tied to your feelings and emotions. In other words, how you’re feeling results from and is determined to a large extent by what you are thinking. 4. Physiological reactions- Your body responds to your emotions, which were elicited by your thoughts and...
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