Karl Marx; (C)Eddie Babor's the Human Person; Not Real, but Existing

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Karl Marx –Report by Ma. Trixia F. Espiritu Santo DKI

God bless you who’s reading this 

Karl Marx (1818-1883)
Marx’s views about human nature lies in
his ideas of society and labor, both linked
by his concept of matter that serves as the
fundamental argument in Marxism.

If man is greatly affected by the material
conditions in his surroundings then man’s
nature lies within the heart of society and
labor which forms man.

Two contending camps offering an
understanding of human nature

“There is no such thing as individual
human nature.”

1. Encyclopedists represented by
Dennis Diderot and Jean-Jacques
Rousseau offers an encyclopedic
view of man.
2. Economists represented by Adam
Smith looks at human existence
with an economic perspective.
CONCEPT OF MATTER



Not a materialist philosophy,
despite Marx’s stress on matter
Not a teaching of matter in
relation to mind and body

“ Marx’s materialism as a theory is
oriented primarily towards history and
society.”
 Historico-societal concept of Marx
on matter can’t be dissociated
from his meaning of human labor
and society must be seen from the
standpoint of matter; it plays a
vital role in how Marx sees human
nature.
“Everything in man is determined by the
material conditions of his life.”
 Modes or Means of production of
man’s subsistence is the molder of
his consciousness
 Society forms man.

 Human nature is not static
because it is dependent on the
progressive change of labor and
society.
“All acts bear social repercussions; no act
is individualistic. Eating, dancing,
swimming, reading, propagating etc.. are
always social in character.”
 The focus of the real nature of
man is focused in the totality of
social relations.
 Everything which a person does is
always social in nature.
Despite Marx’s claim that human nature is
dependent on society: “Human nature is
not given, it is something made; man’s
own creation.”

Nature is the 1Material elements of human
activity and the 2totality of everything that
exists.

“Without labor (human activity), nature
per se has no meaning and value. But by
virtue of the fact that labor is a human
activity, then labor brings forth a
foundational part of human society. Hence

God bless you who’s reading this 

Karl Marx –Report by Ma. Trixia F. Espiritu Santo DKI
without labor and society, there can be no
human nature.”

allowed 1/3 of the world population to
became his followers.
Dialectic- principle of change

To understand human nature in the ambit
of labor, society and matter.

“Through the dialectic, process of change
becomes comprehensible.”

CONCEPT OF DIALECTIC

“There are inherent contradictions in
everything. Because of these
contradictions, change is beyond control.”

Marx believes I progress, change and
development. He saw that Capitalism
oppressed the poor giving him the thought
of ending it himself and letting reforms to
surface. Marx then started his wide
campaign to change the world.

Three moments of Dialectic to wit:
1. Thesis, the affirmation of reality or
“being”
2. Antithesis, the negation of
affirmation, negation of the thesis
or “non-being/ nothing”
3. Synthesis, neither identifies itself
with thesis nor antithesis or
“becoming”

Unlike the philosophers:
“The world need not be interpreted but it
must be changed.”


In Communist Manifesto, Marx,
together with Engels, invited all
workers to unite so that they can
change the world.

Through these inherent contradictions,
dialectic or change is a never-ending
process in reality.

Global Change: Marx’s Utopian Vision


Capitalism shattered, Socialism
constructed

A centralized society would have:
1. All means of production owned by
the society
2. Private properties abrogated
3. All Properties would be
nationalized
4. Working hours would be
shortened to let people spend
leisure time
Generally Marx wants to remove hunger...
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