Journalism Ethis

Topics: Journalism, Journalism ethics and standards, Freedom of the press Pages: 5 (1325 words) Published: January 28, 2013
Journalism Ethics |
Iram shahzadi|

Types Of journalism2
Journalism Ethics3
Seek Truth and Report It3
Minimize Harm3
Act Independently4
Be Accountable4
Do journalists follow journalism ethics during reporting?5


A discipline of collecting, verifying, reporting and analyzing information gathered regarding current affairs, including trends, issues and people is called journalism. Those who practice journalism are known as journalists. Journalism is referred as “Draft of history” so it must be handled with great care. That’s why all reporting is edited and proof read before being published. Journalists' interaction with sources sometimes involves confidentiality. Many governments guarantee the freedom of the press. By extension, these freedoms sometimes also add legal protection for journalists, allowing them to keep the identity of a source private even when demanded by the police. The main activity of journalism is the reporting of events by stating who, what, when, where, why and how and explaining the significance and impact of the event or trend. Journalism exists in a number of media: newspaper, television, radio, magazines and the internet as a newcomer. A distinction is drawn between reporting (the facts) and the opinions like editorials (official opinion of paper in which it published). These opinions sometimes intentionally and sometimes unintentionally cause Propaganda (disinformation). Types Of journalism

There are many different types of journalisms like
* Investigative journalism
* News journalism
* Celebrity journalism
* Fashion journalism
* Sports journalism
* Business and finance journalism
* Environmental journalism
* Citizen journalism etc
Journalism Ethics
Seek Truth and Report It
Journalists should be honest, fair and courageous in gathering, reporting and interpreting information.

Journalists should:
* Test the accuracy of information from all sources and exercise care to avoid inadvertent error. Deliberate distortion is never permissible. * Diligently seek out subjects of news stories to give them the opportunity to respond to allegations of wrongdoing. * Identify sources whenever feasible. The public is entitled to as much information as possible on sources' reliability. * Always question sources’ motives before promising anonymity. Clarify conditions attached to any promise made in exchange for information. Keep promises. * Make certain that headlines, news teases and promotional material, photos, video, audio, graphics, sound bites and quotations do not misrepresent. They should not oversimplify or highlight incidents out of context. * Never distort the content of news photos or video. Image enhancement for technical clarity is always permissible. Label montages and photo illustrations. * Avoid misleading re-enactments or staged news events. If re-enactment is necessary to tell a story, label it. * Give voice to the voiceless; official and unofficial sources of information can be equally valid. * Distinguish between advocacy and news reporting. Analysis and commentary should be labeled and not misrepresent fact or context. Minimize Harm

Ethical journalists treat sources, subjects and colleagues as human beings deserving of respect.

Journalists should:
* Show compassion for those who may be affected adversely by news coverage. Use special sensitivity when dealing with children and inexperienced sources or subjects. * Be sensitive when seeking or using interviews or photographs of those affected by tragedy or grief. * Recognize that gathering and reporting information may cause harm or discomfort. Pursuit of the news is not a license for arrogance. * Recognize that private people have a greater right to control information about themselves than do public officials and others who seek...
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