Bible –Torah- 1st 5 books of the Bible – the laws and tenets of Judaism (written version)
Tanakh – Hebrew Bible called – 24 books
Mishna, Talmud & Shulkhan Arukh – oral version of the teachings – done by the end of the 2nd century
Belief – 1 God, monotheistic faith – incorporeal and eternal, wants people to do what is just and merciful, be faithful Religion in Country – 75.5% Jewish, 16.9% Muslim, 2% Christian, 1.7% Druze, 3% Other Holy Cities – Jerusalem, Safed, Hebron, Tiberia (burial place of Jewish Patriarch, 2nd holiest city) Old City Jerusalem - .9 Km₂ w/in modern day Jerusalem. Home to Temple Mount, Western Wall (Jews), the Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Christians), Dome of Rock (Muslims). Divided into 4 quarters – Muslim, Christian, Jewish & Armenian. Western Wall/Wailing Wall/Kotel – Site for Jewish prayer and pilgrimage – sole remnant of the Holy Temple. Inaccessible when Jordan had control until 1967 (Belied to have been built 19 BCD –Herod the Great’s kingdom but King Aggrippa II) (built by Solomon) In 1560 Suleiman the Magnificent gave Official recognition of the right of Jews to pray by the Wall. “capture by Israel in 1967 after 6 day war after 19 years” 1840| Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt| Forbidding the Jews to pave the passage in front of the Wall. It also cautioned them against “raising their voices and displaying their books there.” They were however allowed “to pay visits to it as of old.”| 1841*| Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt| “Of the same bearing and likewise to two others of 1893 and 1909.”| 1889*| Abdul Hamid II| That there shall be no interference with the Jews' places of devotional visits and of pilgrimage, that are situated in the localities which are dependent on the Chief Rabbinate, nor with the practice of their ritual.| | | |
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1911| Administrative Council of the Liwa| Prohibiting the Jews from certain appurtenances at the Wall.| A poll carried out in 2007 by the Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies indicated that 96% of Israeli Jews were against Israel relinquishing sovereignty of the Western Wall. During a speech at Israel's Mercaz HaRav yeshivah on Jerusalem Day in 2009, Israeli Prime Minister Benyamin Netanyahu declared: "The flag that flies over the Kotel is the Israeli flag... Our holy places, the Temple Mount – will remain under Israeli sovereignty forever." Temple Mount – Old Jerusalem, place where God chose the Divine Presence to rest (Isa 8:18), God created Adam, God makes Abraham sacrifice his son, Isaac, and 2 of Jewish Temples. Bible says it’s the center of all nat’l life-gvt., judicial and religious. God will come out to all nations here. cording to Jewish tradition and scripture (2 Chronicles 3:1-2), the first temple was built by Solomon the son of David in 957 BCE and destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BCE. The second was constructed under the auspices of Zerubbabel in 516 BCE and destroyed by the Roman Empire in 70 CE. Jewish tradition maintains it is here the Third and final Temple will also be built. The location is the holiest site in Judaism and is the place Jews turn towards during prayer but Jews do not go there, because of the presence of the holiness/. Controlled until 1967 – 6 day war. Israel claims sovereignty over the land, and has banned Palestinians (allowed only during Islamic holidays). June 7, 1967, soon after Israel had taken control of the area during the Six-Day War, Prime Minister Levi Eshkol assured that "no harm whatsoever shall come to the places sacred to all religions". Together with the extension of Israeli jurisdiction and administration over east Jerusalem, the Knesset passed the Preservation of the Holy Places Law, ensuring protection of the Holy Places against desecration, as well as freedom of access thereto
Jerusalem – Holy City since 10th century BCE, known as “the place that God will choose” Sacred to Judaism for ab 3000 yrs. Appears in the Hebrew Bible 669...