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Jesus and the Gospels

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Jesus and the Gospels (Relb 160)
9/11/12
Reading the Gospels in Context
* The World of the Gospels
* Political
* Judea a Colony of Rome- An occupied land
* Comprises of the two southern tribes
* Ruled in the first century by a representative of Rome * Herod Antipas-North
* Pontius Pilate-South
* Local Government-Sanhedrin
* Religious
* Social
* The Literary Backgrounds of the Gospels
* Genre
* Source
9/13/12
Religious
* Primarily of the Jewish People
* The Samaritans
* Claimed to be true descendants of Abraham
* Had their own temple and copies of the scriptures
* Viewed as foreigners and heretics by most Jewish people * Diversity of Beliefs and practice in Judaism: Groups in Judaism * Sadducees
* Ruling clan
* Leaders of the temple
* Pharisees
* Presenters of the laws/ teachers
* Educated
* Middle class
* Nicodemes
* Paul
* Jesus of Nazareth
* Essenes
* Separatist: believed they had the only version of the true religion * Monastic clusters
* wilderness
* John The Baptist
* Zealots
* Ancient Judaism
* One of the many religions of the Roman Empire
* Jesus and his disciples were Jews
* The apostle Paul was Jewish
* Both Jesus and Paul belonged to the Pharisaic tradition * Pharisees were responsible for the preservation of the religion * Monotheism
* Hierarchy of supernatural beings
* The Diaspora
* Diaspora: Dispersion
* Jews who lived outside of Jerusalem
* Dispersion began with the foreign domination of Israel * 721 B.C.E.- Assyria took northern kingdom
* 587-586- Babylon took southern kingdom of Judah * In first century there were far more Jews in...