JAPANESE PERIOD (1941-1945)
During the Japanese period, Filipinos undergo in the Puppet Government ruled by the Japanese. Puppet Government is a said to be a republic that has no power to control itself and controlled by the foreign power instead. As a President of this republic, Japanese appointed Mr. Jose P. Laurel. He was chosen since he studied at the “Tokyo International University” and the Japanese thought that they can easily rule the Filipinos through him. They also promoted the use of “Mickey Mouse Money” which Filipinos considered as comparable to play moneys. This Mickey Mouse Money was known to have less value. It is also said that a bag of this money can only afford a piece of bread.
Filipino people suffered a lot since many changes have to be adapted during those times. Some subjects such as Japanese Culture and their language known as “nihonggo” are required to be a part of the curriculum in all schools here in the Philippines. They also took control in the Filipino industries, factories and food production. Through the Japanese colonialism, Filipino was engaged in barter and buy-and-sell just to earn living. In terms of literature, Japanese were all against the Americans so they ruled the Filipinos not to make any writings in English Language. They encouraged the Filipinos to use the “tagalog” as their medium but they are required to write first a condition for them to be allowed. Through this strict prohibition of the Japanese, the Philippine Literature took advantage and was given a break.
A. FILIPINO POETRY
The common theme of most poems during the Japanese occupation was nationalism, country, love, and life in the barrios, faith, religion and the arts. Three types of poems emerged during this period. They were:
1. Haiku – a poem of free verse that the Japanese like. It was made up of 17 syllables divided into three lines. The first line had 5 syllables, the second, 7 syllables, and the third, five. The Haiku is allegorical...
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