Introduction to Sociology

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1. According to the textbook, what is the definition of discrimination? A) Unfair treatment of people based on some social characteristic, such as race, ethnicity, or sex B) The sense of community that derives from the cultural heritage of people with common ancestry C) A program designed to include members of minority groups where they had previously been excluded D) The belief that a certain trait, behavior, or attitude characterizes all members of a group 2. According to the textbook, what is the definition of ethnicity? E) Unfair treatment of people based on some social characteristic, such as race, ethnicity, or sex F) The sense of community that derives from the cultural heritage of people with common ancestry G) A program designed to include members of minority groups where they had previously been excluded H) The belief that a certain trait, behavior, or attitude characterizes all members of a group 3. According to the textbook, what is institutional racism? I) Individual expression of racist attitudes or behaviors J) Laws, customs, and practices that maintain racial inequalities in a society K) Rigidly held, unfavorable attitudes about members of a different group L) A situation in which an institution, such as a church or school, is the victim of racism 4. According to the textbook, what is the definition of personal racism? M) Individual expression of racist attitudes or behaviors N) Laws, customs, and practices that maintain racial inequalities in a society O) Rigidly held, unfavorable attitudes about members of a different group P) A situation in which an individual person is the victim of racism 5. According to the textbook, what is the definition of prejudice? Q) Individual expression of racist attitudes or behaviors R) Laws, customs, and practices that maintain racial inequalities in a society S) Rigidly held, unfavorable attitudes about members of a different group T) A situation in which an individual person is the victim of racism 6. According to the textbook, what is the definition of race? U) Individual expression of racist attitudes or behaviors V) The sense of community that derives from the cultural heritage of people with common ancestry W) The belief that humans are subdivided into distinct groups that can be ranked as superior or inferior X) People labeled and treated as similar because of some common biological traits 7. According to the textbook, what is racial transparency? Y) The belief that a certain trait, behavior, or attitude characterizes all members of a group Z) Racism expressed subtly through feelings of discomfort, which result in avoidance [) The belief that humans are subdivided into distinct groups that can be ranked as superior or inferior \) The tendency for the race of a society's majority to be normative and unremarkable 8. According to the textbook, what is the definition of racism? ]) The belief that a certain trait, behavior, or attitude characterizes all members of a group ^) Racism expressed subtly through feelings of discomfort, which result in avoidance _) The belief that humans are subdivided into distinct groups that can be ranked as superior or inferior `) The tendency for the race of a society's majority to be normative and unremarkable 9. According to the textbook, what is the definition of stereotype? a) The belief that a certain trait, behavior, or attitude characterizes all members of a group b) Rigidly held, unfavorable attitudes about members of a different group c) The belief that humans are subdivided into distinct groups that can be ranked as superior or inferior d) Unfair treatment of people based on some social characteristic, such as race, ethnicity, or sex 10. According...
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