Introduction to International Environmental Law

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2/11/2013

M28CLS: International Environmental Law
Lecture 1: Introduction

Dr Francis Boateng Agyenim
fagyenim@gtuc.edu.gh or dean.gradschool@gtuc.edu.gh
Tel: +233 (0) 302 200 622

Introduction





Intended Module Outcome
General terminologies
Assessment and requirements
Important fundamental understanding of
• energy,
• pollution,
• environmental sustainability

Monday, February 11, 2013

Break: 15minutes break at 9.30am
30 minutes break at 12.30pm
15 minutes break at 3.00pm

2

Intended Module Outcome
1.
2.

3.

4.

Review the international law relating to environmental
protection and pollution control.
Detail the application of particular international, regional and bi-national conventions relating to specific aspects of
environment protection and pollution control.
Appreciate the roles of international and intergovernmental
agencies, advisory bodies and non -governmental
organisations in formulating, implementing and enforcing
specific environmental protection.
Understand and critically evaluate key principles and
theories of international environmental law.

1

2/11/2013

Course Structure
Lecturer Topic

No
1

FA

2

FA

Introduction : Important Fundamentals Concepts of Environmental Issues
Introduction and history of International Environmental Law

3

FA

International laws relating to environmental protection and pollution control

4

FA

5

FA

6

FA

7

FA

8

FA

9

FA

10

Monday, February 11, 2013

4

Priority Environmental Areas








Curbing Global Warming
Creating Clean Energy Future
Reviving the world’s oceans
Defending Endangered Wildlife and Wildplaces
Protecting our health by preventing pollution
Ensure safe and sufficient water
Fostering sustainable communities

Some general terminology
Treaty - An agreement under international law – leads to Protocols Protocol - A formal agreement between states or nations e.g. Kyoto Protocol, Montreal Protocol. Forms basis for national/regional policies. Policy - a course of action adopted and pursued by an individual, company, government, ruler, political party, etc. e.g. a nation's foreign policy. Strategy - a long term plan, method, or series of manoeuvres or stratagems for achieving policy objectives e.g. A marketing strategy is a process that can allow an organization to concentrate its (always limited) resources on the greatest opportunities to increase sales and achieve a sustainable competitive advantage.

Resource – An estimated quantity of fuel that has to be fully explored or evaluated.
Reserve – Proven quantity of fuel that is known to exist in a given location. Carbon Footprint - The total amount of greenhouse gases produced to directly and indirectly support human activities, usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2).

Monday, February 11, 2013

6

2

2/11/2013

Assessment and Requirements
Dates
Attendance

Final
Mark

Required throughout the module
Sat February 16th, 2013

Assignment 1:

Issue Date

Individual Written
Assignment

Submission Date Friday, 15th March, 2013

Project 2:

Issue Date

Sat February 16th, 2013

Student assignment
Essay

Hand-in Date

Friday 15th March 201
(latest at 7.00pm)

30%

Total

70%

100%

Pass requirements:
• Pass mark is 40%
• Each component must be at least 35% ?
7
Monday, February 11, 2013

Review of some important fundamental
concepts related to Global Warming and
Clean Energy Future
• Energy units
• Energy sources & uses
• Carbon intensity (CO2 emissions from fossil fuels)
- Fuel chemistry
- Carbon emissions per unit of delivered energy

• Calorific Value
• Sustainability and Environmental Management
System
Monday, February 11, 2013

8

Energy units and orders of magnitude
• Energy







Basic Unit of Energy, J = 1 N.m
Basic Unit of Power, W = J/s
Convenient alternative...
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