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Into to Anthropology Midterm

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Into to Anthropology Midterm

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  • March 15, 2013
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Midterm 2:
1)Ochre: yellow and red pigments of iron oxide, first identified in African, common by 130,000 years ago; red ochre used in ancient burials 2)Isolating mechanism: a factor that separate’s breeding populations thereby preventing gene flow, creating divergent sub species, and ultimately (if maintained) divergent species 3)Proconsul: a fossil hominoid primate found in Lower Miocene deposits in East Africa, one of the last common ancestors of both humans and the great apes. • Genus Proconsul, family Pongidae. 4)Diastema: a space between the canines and other teeth allowing large projecting canines spaced within the jaw 5)Molecular clock: the hypothesis that dates of divergences among related species can be calculated through an examination of genetic mutations that have accrued since divergence 6)Paleoanthropology: the study of origins and predecessors of present human species 7)Genes: a portion of DNA molecule containing a sequence of base pairs that is the fundamental physical and functional unit of hereditary human traits 8)Soil mark: a stain that shows up on the surface of recently plowed fields that reveals an archaeological site 9)Statigraphy: in archeology and paleoanthropologist the most reliable method of relative dating by means of strata 10)Holistic perspective: various parts of human culture and biology must be viewed in the broadest possible context in order to understand their interconnections and inter dependency. 11)Cultural resource management: a branch of archaeology tied to govt policies for the protection of cultural resources and involving surveying and/or excavating archeological and historical remains threatened by construction or development. 12)Primate: the group of mammals that includes lemurs, lorsis, tarsiers, monkeys, apes and humans 13)Mitosis: a kind of cell division that produces new cells having exactly the same number of chromosomes, and hence copies of genes as the parents cells 14)Genotype: the alleles...