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Growth prospects of cotton and textile industries in India
By : Dr. M. Dhanabhakyam, D. Sureshkumar
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Cotton production has grown significantly since the mid-1980s due to improvements in both area and yield, but growth slowed in the 1990s because of a sharp slowdown in yield gains. Since 2000, rising yields and, more recently, a rebound in area planted have again restored stronger growth in production, but it is uncertain if these gains will be sustained. Output continues to show large annual variations due primarily to weather-induced fluctuations in average yields. About 65 percent of cotton area is not irrigated and is dependent on erratic monsoon rainfall, a share that has remained relatively constant since the late 1980s.
Area, yield, and production trends have varied sharply across each of India's distinctly different cotton-producing regions. The overall slowdown
India: cotton area, production and yield 1960-2004
India has traditionally been a net cotton exporter, but emerged as a significant net importer in 1998...