COMG 151 Personal and Public Speech Spring 2013 Study Guide – Midterm Exam DATE: Wednesday, February 27 at 12:30pm in Bilger 152 *This review sheet is for the midterm. The ideas listed below represent issues and content with which you should be familiar. They do NOT necessarily represent an exhaustive list of all material subject to examination but should give you direction in your preparation for the exam.* YOU WILL NEED TO BRING A NUMBER 2 PENCIL. Chapter 1 – Communication Perspectives 1. Why is communication important? ● Communication is inescapable and we spend 80% - 90% of our waking hours communicating 2. What are the communication models and how have they evolved? Know the models discussed in mass lecture! ● Communication as Action ● Communication as Interaction ● Communication as Transaction
What are the components of the models? Explain/define each. ● Participants - The individuals involved ○ Sender and Receiver ● Message - Written, spoken and unspoken elements to which meaning is attributed. ○ Meanings, Symbols, Encoding, Decoding and Form ● Contexts - Communication environment. ○ Physical, Social, Historical, Psychological, Cultural ● Channels - Pathway through which messages are sent. ○ Face-to-Face or Online Communication (CMC) ● Noise - Interference ○ Physical, Psychological or Semantic noise ● Feedback - Response to a message ○ Verbal Symbols and nonverbal behaviors What are the communication principles? ● Communication has a purpose ○ Develop and maintain our sense of self ○ meet our social needs ○ Develop and maintain relationships ○ Exchange information ○ Influence others ● Communication is continuous ● Communication messages vary in conscious thought ○ Spontaneous expression
● ● ● ●
○ Scripted messages ○ Constructed messages Communication is relational Communication is guided by culture Communication has ethical implications Communication is learned
What makes a competent communicator? ● Communicative behaviors are appropriate and effective ○ effective = achieved goals ○ appropriate = conforms to expectation What are the characteristics of communication? ● Communication is inescapable ● Communication is irreversible ● Communication is complicated
Chapter 2 – Perceptions of Self and Others 1. What are the stages of the perception process? 1. Attention/Selection - Perceive stimuli in environment ● Depends on: Needs, Interests, Expectations 2. Organization - converting the information we receive, trying to make sense of the information. ● Simplicity- ● Pattern- trying to find a theme or pattern. 3. Interpretation- trying to find out what you are perceiving really means. 2. Know how the three components of the self-concept (attitudes, values, beliefs) differ. ● Attitude - the way you feel about a specific ● beliefs - way with we structure our understanding of reality ● values - What factors affect our self-esteem? ● Sex and gender ● Culture ● Social comparison ● Self-expectations What factors contribute to the distortion of self-perceptions? ● Incongruence ● Filtering Messages
● Media Images 5. Know and be able to describe: Self-monitoring, impression management theory, uncertainty reduction, attribution theory, and halo effect. ● Self-Monitoring ○ Process of observing and regulating your own behavior ● Impression Management Theory ○ Your goal = Likeable. Your strategy = Ingratiation ○ Your goal = Competent. Your strategy = Self-promotion ○ Your goal = Dedicated. Your strategy =...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document