Impact of Colonization on Native Americans

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IMPACT OF COLONIZATION ON NATIVE AMERICAN

EARLY NORTH AMERICAN CULTURES:
➢ Aztecs in Mexico
➢ Pueblos of Southwest
➢ Mound Builders in Mississippi Valley
➢ 300 separate languages by 1492

REASONS WHY EARLY HARMONIOUS LIVING ENDEND
➢ No immunologic protection against European diseases – up to 90% of native population died in the first century of contact ➢ Native people had different spiritual beliefs and ideas about land ownership than Europeans. Many resisted Christianity, and the idea of buying and selling land was unthinkable to them. ➢ With the exception of the Five Nation Iroquois, most Indian tribes lacked unity, and were often rivals with each other. They were very vulnerable to the Europeans with their superior weapon technology

EUROPEAN TREATMENT OF NATIVE AMERICANS:
Spanish Policy:
➢ Approach was to conquer, rule and intermarry
➢ Established missions to convert Indians to Christianity ➢ Took over their economy
➢ A rigid class system developed that was dominated by pure-blooded Spaniards English Policy:
➢ Initial sharing of ideas about agriculture, traded in furs, and coexisted ➢ Eventually gives way to conflict and open warfare
➢ English had no respect for Native American cultures; viewed as primitive or savage ➢ Native Americans saw their way of life threatened with increasing English population ➢ Cultural Clash in the Chesapeake

• At first, Powhatan possibly considered the new colonists potential allies and tried to be friendly with them, but as time passed and colonists raided Indian food supplies, relations deteriorated and eventually, war occurred. • The First Anglo-Powhatan War ended in 1614 with a peace settlement sealed by the marriage of Pocahontas to colonist John Rolfe. • Eight years later, in 1622, the Indians struck again with a series of attacks that left 347 settlers, including John Rolfe, dead. • The Second...
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