Agamemnon takes Chryseis the daughter of chryses after the achaens sack a Trojan-allied town and capture two beautiful women. Then chryses ask for his daughter back offering a ransom but was refused. He then prays to Apollo for help and Apollo listens and sends plague to the camp causing many deaths. After 10 days of suffering Achilles calls assembly and ask for deity to tell why its happening. Calchas the seer told that he needs to return chryses, but Agamemnon became angry and would return only if Achilles gives him briseis. Achilles who is proud became angry and threatens to pull back his army. With athena’s guidance Achilles succeeded to not fight Agamemnon. Due to sending chryses back Achilles refuses to participate in battle and after 12 days, thetis makes her appeal to zeus as promised. Iliad is about the rage of Achilles. Trojan war going on for ten years. Apollo was responsible for the conflict between Agamemnon and Achilles. Zeus in the end who refuses to help the Trojans, helped the Trojans because of a favor he owes thetis.
To help Trojans zeus sends a false dream to Agamemnon in which a figure in the form of nestor persuade Agamemnon that he can take troy if he launches a fullscale assault on the city’s walls. Calchas tells that nine years would pass before the Achaeans would finally take troy. Agamemnon, proud and headstrong, and Achilles, mighty but temperamental, whose quarrel dominates the epic. Odysseus and nestor confirm their reputation as the achaens’ most talented rhetoricians. Shows how dire the greek system has become: even Agamemnon has failed to recognize the low morale of the troops. Second, by pointing out the intensity of the greeks’ suffering the episode emphasizes the glory of the greeks’ eventual victory. Third the fight to the ships indirectyly results in the famous catalog of the Achaean forces. Nestor’s advice that the troops be arranged by city ensures that the soldiers will be motivated: by fighting...