ORGANIZER: IB Psychology – ABNORMAL (Day 2 – Option)
General framework (applicable to all topics in this option):
MAIN INFO: Theories/Topics/People/Studies/Methodology/Notes
|To what extent do biological, cognitive | |136-137 | |and sociocultural factors influence |*Behavioral measures (like intelligence and short-term memory) tend to be normally distributed. | | |abnormal behavior? |*Biologically, a patient may have a chemically imbalance in one’s brain and not be aware of it. | | | |Even people with schizophrenia may not be aware of their illness. | | | |*Sociocultural is a huge concept to take into consideration because cultural differences may | | | |impact a person’s actions. Social norms | | | |*From a cognitive perspective, a patient may be haunted by thoughts that seem to be | | | |uncontrollable. This too can cause abnormal behavior. | | |Evaluate psychological research relevant | |137, 143, 151 | |to the study of abnormal behavior | | | | |Jahoda (1958) attempted to establish what is abnormal by identifying the characteristics of | | |(that is, theories and/or studies) |people who are normal. | | | |efficient self-perception | | | |realistic self-esteem and acceptance | | | |voluntary control of behavior | | | |true perception of the world | | | |sustaining relationships and giving affection | | | |self-direction and productivity | | | | | | | |*This experiment seems reasonable, but if it were true, we’d all be slightly abnormal. | | | | | | | | | | | |Langer and Abelson (1974) tested social perception. They proved that those people that are | | |...
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