Hsc 024

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Principles Of Safeguarding And Protection In Health And Social Care

Unit Sector Reference: HSC 024
Level: 2
Unit Accreditation Number: A/601/8574

1 - 1.1:
There are a lot of different types of abuse in a health and social care setting including the following: Physical Abuse may include:
Hitting
Slapping
Kicking
Punching
Misuse of medication

Some of the signs and symptoms associated with physical abuse could be: •Sprains
Dislocations
Fractures
Bruising
Open Wounds

Sexual Abuse may include:
Rape and sexual assault to which the vulnerable adult has not consented, could not consent, or was pressurised into consenting •Touching
Kissing
Groping

Some of the signs and symptoms associated with sexual abuse could be: •Genital pain, irritation or bleeding
Bruises
Difficulty walking or sitting
STD's

Emotional or Psychological Abuse may include:
Threats of harm or abandonment
Humiliation
Controlling
Intimidation
Harassment
Verbal abuse/excessive criticism
Isolation or withdrawal from services or support networks

Some of the signs and symptoms associated with emotional or physiological abuse could be: •Rapid weight loss or gain
Lack of personal care
Malnutrition
Depression

Financial Abuse may include:
Theft
Fraud
Exploitation
Pressure concerning wills, property, inheritance or financial transactions •The misuse of property, possessions or benefits by someone who has been trusted to handle their finances or who has assumed control of their finances by default

Some of the signs and symptoms associated with financial abuse could be: •Depression
Sudden loss of assets
Unusual or inappropriate financial transactions
Visitors whose visits always coincide with the day a person's benefits are cashed

Institutional Abuse may include:
Strict, regimented or inflexible routines or schedules for daily activities such as meal times, bed/awakening times, bathing/washing ect. •Lack of choice or options e.g.: food, drink, dressing, possessions, daily activities. •Lack of privacy, dignity

Withdrawing people from individually valued community or family contact.

Some of the signs and symptoms associated with institutional abuse could be: •Inability to make choices or decisions.
Agitation if routine broken.
Disorientation.
Patterns of challenging behaviou
Self Neglect may include:
Malnutrition
Rapid or continuous weight loss
Inadequate or inappropriate clothing
Dirty clothing/bedding
Lack of personal care

Some of the signs and symptoms associated with self neglect could be: •Dehydration, malnutrition
Untreated or improperly attended medical conditions
Poor personal hygiene & unkempt appearance
Hazardous, unsanitary, or unsafe living conditions (e.g. no heat, running water, plumbing, animal/insect infestation) •Isolation
Drug & Alcohol Dependency

Neglect By Others may include:
Absence of necessities including food, water, heat
Inadequate living environment evidenced by lack of utilities, sufficient space, and ventilation •Animal or insect infestations
Signs of medication mismanagement, including empty or unmarked bottles or outdated prescriptions •Housing is unsafe as a result of disrepair, faulty wiring, inadequate sanitation, substandard cleanliness, or architectural barriers Some of the signs and symptoms associated with self neglect could be: •Malnourishment

Dehydration
Confusion
Inappropriate clothing
Under or over medication
Skin sores
Poor hygiene
Absence of required aids, canes and walkers

1 - 1.2:
Some factors that may contribute to an individual being more vulnerable to abuse could be a person who has low self esteem and no sense of self worth. Someone who has been physically and emotionally abused in the past. Someone that has been sexually abused. People who are mentally ill or homeless or even...
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